American Association for Cancer Research
15357163mct130361-sup-fig_2.pdf (103.63 kB)

Supplementary Figure 2 from Enhancement of Nab-Paclitaxel Antitumor Activity through Addition of Multitargeting Antiangiogenic Agents in Experimental Pancreatic Cancer

Download (103.63 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2023-04-03, 14:08 authored by Niranjan Awasthi, Changhua Zhang, Anna M. Schwarz, Stefan Hinz, Margaret A. Schwarz, Roderich E. Schwarz

PDF - 103K, Nude mice were subcutaneously injected with AsPC-1 cells and treated for 3 weeks. Mean tumor weight was calculated from final day tumor weights in each group and is presented as Box plot. Data are representative of mean values (plus or minus) standard deviation from 6-8 mice per group.



Nanoparticle albumin–bound paclitaxel (nab-paclitaxel, NPT) has recently shown efficacy in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Targeting tumor angiogenesis is a sensible combination therapeutic strategy for cancer, including PDAC. We tested the hypothesis that NPT response in PDAC can be enhanced by the mechanistically different antiangiogenic agents bevacizumab (Bev) or sunitinib (Su), despite its inherently increased tumor penetration and drug delivery. Compared with controls (19 days), median animal survival was increased after NPT therapy (32 days, a 68% increase, P = 0.0008); other regimens with enhanced survival were NPT+Bev (38 days, a 100% increase, P = 0.0004), NPT+Su (37 days, a 95% increase, P = 0.0004), and NPT+Bev+Su (49 days, a 158% increase, P = 0.0001) but not bevacizumab, sunitinib, or Bev+Su therapy. Relative to controls (100 ± 22.8), percentage net local tumor growth was 28.2 ± 23.4 with NPT, 55.6 ± 18 (Bev), 38.8 ± 30.2 (Su), 11 ± 7.2 (Bev+Su), 32.8 ± 29.2 (NPT+Bev), 6.6 ± 10.4 (NPT+Su), and 13.8 ± 12.5 (NPT+Bev+Su). Therapeutic effects on intratumoral proliferation, apoptosis, microvessel density, and stromal density corresponded with tumor growth inhibition data. In AsPC-1 PDAC cells, NPT IC50 was reduced >6-fold by the addition of sunitinib (IC25) but not by bevacizumab. In human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC), NPT IC50 (82 nmol/L) was decreased to 41 nmol/L by bevacizumab and to 63 nmol/L by sunitinib. In fibroblast WI-38 cells, NPT IC50 (7.2 μmol/L) was decreased to 7.8 nmol/L by sunitinib, but not by bevacizumab. These findings suggest that the effects of one of the most active cytotoxic agents against PDAC, NPT, can be enhanced with antiangiogenic agents, which clinically could relate to greater responses and improved antitumor results. Mol Cancer Ther; 13(5); 1032–43. ©2014 AACR.

Usage metrics

    Molecular Cancer Therapeutics



    Ref. manager