American Association for Cancer Research
19406207capr120327-sup-fig2.pdf (95.02 kB)

Supplementary Figure 2 from Effects of Ginger Supplementation on Cell-Cycle Biomarkers in the Normal-Appearing Colonic Mucosa of Patients at Increased Risk for Colorectal Cancer: Results from a Pilot, Randomized, and Controlled Trial

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-04-03, 19:04 authored by Jessica Citronberg, Roberd Bostick, Thomas Ahearn, D. Kim Turgeon, Mack T. Ruffin, Zora Djuric, Ananda Sen, Dean E. Brenner, Suzanna M. Zick

PDF file - 95K, Flow Diagram of a Trial of Ginger Supplementation Over Four Weeks on Markers of Apoptosis, Proliferation and Differentiation in the Normal-Appearing Colorectal Mucosa of Individuals at Increased Risk of CRC



To estimate the effects of ginger on apoptosis, proliferation, and differentiation in the normal-appearing colonic mucosa, we randomized 20 people at increased risk for colorectal cancer to 2.0 g of ginger or placebo daily for 28 days in a pilot trial. Overall expression and distributions of Bax, Bcl-2, p21, hTERT, and MIB-1 (Ki-67) in colorectal crypts in rectal mucosa biopsies were measured using automated immunohistochemistry and quantitative image analysis. Relative to placebo, Bax expression in the ginger group decreased 15.6% (P = 0.78) in the whole crypts, 6.6% (P = 0.95) in the upper 40% (differentiation zone) of crypts, and 21.7% (P = 0.67) in the lower 60% (proliferative zone) of crypts; however, there was a 19% increase (P = 0.14) in Bax expression in the upper 40% relative to the whole crypt. While p21 and Bcl-2 expression remained relatively unchanged, hTERT expression in the whole crypts decreased by 41.2% (P = 0.05); the estimated treatment effect on hTERT expression was larger in the upper 40% of crypts (−47.9%; P = 0.04). In the ginger group, MIB-1 expression decreased in the whole crypts, upper 40% of crypts, and lower 60% of crypts by 16.9% (P = 0.39), 46.8% (P = 0.39), and 15.3% (P = 0.41), respectively. These pilot study results suggest that ginger may reduce proliferation in the normal-appearing colorectal epithelium and increase apoptosis and differentiation relative to proliferation—especially in the differentiation zone of the crypts and support a larger study to further investigate these results. Cancer Prev Res; 6(4); 271–81. ©2012 AACR.

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