PDF file - 46K, Metabolite analysis. Mean fractions of parent 11Cerlotinib, nonpolar metabolites and polar metabolites for groups 1 (filled symbols) and 2 (open symbols). Vertical bars indicate standard deviations.
ARTICLE ABSTRACTPurpose: To evaluate whether, in patients with non–small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC), tumor uptake of [11C]erlotinib can be quantified and imaged using positron emission tomography and to assess whether the level of tracer uptake corresponds with the presence of activating tumor EGF receptor (EGFR) mutations.Experimental Design: Ten patients with NSCLCs, five with an EGFR exon 19 deletion, and five without were scanned twice (test retest) on the same day with an interval of at least 4 hours. Each scanning procedure included a low-dose computed tomographic scan, a 10-minute dynamic [15O]H2O scan, and a 1-hour dynamic [11C]erlotinib scan. Data were analyzed using full tracer kinetic modeling. EGFR expression was evaluated using immunohistochemistry.Results: The quantitative measure of [11C]erlotinib uptake, that is, volume of distribution (VT), was significantly higher in tumors with activating mutations, that is, all with exon 19 deletions (median VT, 1.76; range, 1.25–2.93), than in those without activating mutations (median VT, 1.06; range, 0.67–1.22) for both test and retest data (P = 0.014 and P = 0.009, respectively). Good reproducibility of [11C]erlotinib VT was seen (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.88). Intergroup differences in [11C]erlotinib uptake were not correlated with EGFR expression levels, nor tumor blood flow.Conclusion: [11C]erlotinib VT was significantly higher in NSCLCs tumors with EGFR exon 19 deletions. Clin Cancer Res; 19(1); 183–93. ©2012 AACR.