American Association for Cancer Research
15357163mct130513-sup-fig2.pdf (90.75 kB)

Supplementary Figure 2 from Characterization of LY2228820 Dimesylate, a Potent and Selective Inhibitor of p38 MAPK with Antitumor Activity

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-04-03, 14:09 authored by Robert M. Campbell, Bryan D. Anderson, Nathan A. Brooks, Harold B. Brooks, Edward M. Chan, Alfonso De Dios, Raymond Gilmour, Jeremy R. Graff, Enrique Jambrina, Mary Mader, Denis McCann, Songqing Na, Stephen H. Parsons, Susan E. Pratt, Chuan Shih, Louis F. Stancato, James J. Starling, Courtney Tate, Juan A. Velasco, Yong Wang, Xiang S. Ye

PDF file - 90K, shRNA silencing of p38a MAPK in U-87MG glioma (Westerns and xenograft tumor growth data).



p38α mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) is activated in cancer cells in response to environmental factors, oncogenic stress, radiation, and chemotherapy. p38α MAPK phosphorylates a number of substrates, including MAPKAP-K2 (MK2), and regulates the production of cytokines in the tumor microenvironment, such as TNF-α, interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-6, and CXCL8 (IL-8). p38α MAPK is highly expressed in human cancers and may play a role in tumor growth, invasion, metastasis, and drug resistance. LY2228820 dimesylate (hereafter LY2228820), a trisubstituted imidazole derivative, is a potent and selective, ATP-competitive inhibitor of the α- and β-isoforms of p38 MAPK in vitro (IC50 = 5.3 and 3.2 nmol/L, respectively). In cell-based assays, LY2228820 potently and selectively inhibited phosphorylation of MK2 (Thr334) in anisomycin-stimulated HeLa cells (at 9.8 nmol/L by Western blot analysis) and anisomycin-induced mouse RAW264.7 macrophages (IC50 = 35.3 nmol/L) with no changes in phosphorylation of p38α MAPK, JNK, ERK1/2, c-Jun, ATF2, or c-Myc ≤ 10 μmol/L. LY2228820 also reduced TNF-α secretion by lipopolysaccharide/IFN-γ–stimulated macrophages (IC50 = 6.3 nmol/L). In mice transplanted with B16-F10 melanoma, tumor phospho-MK2 (p-MK2) was inhibited by LY2228820 in a dose-dependent manner [threshold effective dose (TED)70 = 11.2 mg/kg]. Significant target inhibition (>40% reduction in p-MK2) was maintained for 4 to 8 hours following a single 10 mg/kg oral dose. LY2228820 produced significant tumor growth delay in multiple in vivo cancer models (melanoma, non–small cell lung cancer, ovarian, glioma, myeloma, breast). In summary, LY2228820 is a p38 MAPK inhibitor, which has been optimized for potency, selectivity, drug-like properties (such as oral bioavailability), and efficacy in animal models of human cancer. Mol Cancer Ther; 13(2); 364–74. ©2013 AACR.