American Association for Cancer Research
10780432ccr120668-sup-fig2.pdf (100.92 kB)

Supplementary Figure 2 from Antibody-Dependent Cell-Mediated Cytotoxicity Overcomes NK Cell Resistance in MLL-Rearranged Leukemia Expressing Inhibitory KIR Ligands but Not Activating Ligands

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-31, 17:14 authored by Wing Keung Chan, May Kung Sutherland, Ying Li, Jonathan Zalevsky, Sarah Schell, Wing Leung

PDF file - 100K, Characterization of luciferase+ mutant SEM cells. The susceptibility of luciferase+ mutant cell-line to ADCC induced by (A) XmAb5574 or (B) lintuzumab was not changed. (C) Determination of linear range of bioluminescence from mice with luciferase+ mutant SEM. 5�106 SEM cells were injected intravenously and then imaged for bioluminescence over time. The regression coefficients are shown for the ventral and dorsal sides of the mice



Purpose: Leukemias with MLL gene rearrangement are associated with a poor prognosis. Natural killer (NK) cell therapy is a potential treatment, but leukemia cells may be resistant. Here, we sought to determine the susceptibility of MLL-rearranged leukemia cells to NK cell lysis and to develop a novel immunotherapeutic approach to optimize NK cell therapy, including the use of an antibody against leukemia-associated antigen and the elimination of killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR)–mediated inhibition.Experimental Design: Three MLL-rearranged leukemia cell lines (RS4;11, SEM, and MV4-11) and primary leukemia blasts were assessed for surface phenotype and susceptibility to NK cell lysis with or without antibodies against CD19 (XmAb5574), CD33 (lintuzumab), or KIR ligands.Results: All three cell lines were resistant to NK cell lysis, had some inhibitory KIR ligands and protease inhibitor-9, and expressed low levels of NKG2D activating ligands and adhesion molecules. After treatment with XmAb5574 or lintuzumab, MLL-rearranged leukemia cells were efficiently killed by NK cells. The addition of pan–major histocompatibility complex class I antibody, which blocked inhibitory KIR-HLA interaction, further augmented degranulation in all three KIR2DL1, KIR2DL2/3, and KIR3DL1 subsets of NK cells based on the rule of missing-self recognition. A mouse model showed a decreased rate of leukemia progression in vivo as monitored by bioluminescence imaging and longer survival after antibody treatment.Conclusion: Our data support the use of a triple immunotherapy approach, including an antibody directed against tumor-associated antigen, KIR-mismatched NK cell transplantation, and inhibitory KIR blockade, for the treatment of NK cell–resistant MLL-rearranged leukemias. Clin Cancer Res; 18(22); 6296–305. ©2012 AACR.