American Association for Cancer Research
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Supplementary Figure 1 from Vertical Pathway Inhibition Overcomes Adaptive Feedback Resistance to KRASG12C Inhibition

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posted on 2023-03-31, 22:20 authored by Meagan B. Ryan, Ferran Fece de la Cruz, Sarah Phat, David T. Myers, Edmond Wong, Heather A. Shahzade, Catriona B. Hong, Ryan B. Corcoran

Supplementary Figure S1. AMG 510 demonstrates cooperativity with SHP2 and RTK inhibition

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Stand Up To Cancer

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Although KRAS represents the most commonly mutated oncogene, it has long been considered an “undruggable” target. Novel covalent inhibitors selective for the KRASG12C mutation offer the unprecedented opportunity to target KRAS directly. However, prior efforts to target the RAS–MAPK pathway have been hampered by adaptive feedback, which drives pathway reactivation and resistance. A panel of KRASG12C cell lines were treated with the KRASG12C inhibitors ARS-1620 and AMG 510 to assess effects on signaling and viability. Isoform-specific pulldown of activated GTP-bound RAS was performed to evaluate effects on the activity of specific RAS isoforms over time following treatment. RTK inhibitors, SHP2 inhibitors, and MEK/ERK inhibitors were assessed in combination with KRASG12C inhibitors in vitro and in vivo as potential strategies to overcome resistance and enhance efficacy. We observed rapid adaptive RAS pathway feedback reactivation following KRASG12C inhibition in the majority of KRASG12C models, driven by RTK-mediated activation of wild-type RAS, which cannot be inhibited by G12C-specific inhibitors. Importantly, multiple RTKs can mediate feedback, with no single RTK appearing critical across all KRASG12C models. However, coinhibition of SHP2, which mediates signaling from multiple RTKs to RAS, abrogated feedback reactivation more universally, and combined KRASG12C/SHP2 inhibition drove sustained RAS pathway suppression and improved efficacy in vitro and in vivo. These data identify feedback reactivation of wild-type RAS as a key mechanism of adaptive resistance to KRASG12C inhibitors and highlight the potential importance of vertical inhibition strategies to enhance the clinical efficacy of KRASG12C inhibitors.See related commentary by Yaeger and Solit, p. 1538