American Association for Cancer Research
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Supplementary Figure 1 from Transcriptome Deconvolution Reveals Absence of Cancer Cell Expression Signature in Immune Checkpoint Blockade Response

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-26, 14:20 authored by Yu Amanda Guo, Tanmay Kulshrestha, Mei Mei Chang, Irfahan Kassam, Egor Revkov, Simone Rizzetto, Aaron C. Tan, Daniel S.W. Tan, Iain Beehuat Tan, Anders J. Skanderup

Schematic of bulk tumor expression deconvolution and permutation test to identify differentially expressed genes between responders and non-responders in both cancer and stroma compartments.

Funding

MOH | National Medical Research Council (NMRC)

A*STAR | BMRC | Singapore Bioimaging Consortium (SBIC)

History

ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Immune checkpoint therapy (ICB) has conferred significant and durable clinical benefit to some patients with cancer. However, most patients do not respond to ICB, and reliable biomarkers of ICB response are needed to improve patient stratification. Here, we performed a transcriptome-wide meta-analysis across 1,486 tumors from ICB-treated patients and tumors with expected ICB outcomes based on microsatellite status. Using a robust transcriptome deconvolution approach, we inferred cancer- and stroma-specific gene expression differences and identified cell-type specific features of ICB response across cancer types. Consistent with current knowledge, stromal expression of CXCL9, CXCL13, and IFNG were the top determinants of favorable ICB response. In addition, we identified a group of potential immune-suppressive genes, including FCER1A, associated with poor response to ICB. Strikingly, PD-L1 expression in stromal cells, but not cancer cells, is correlated with ICB response across cancer types. Furthermore, the unbiased transcriptome-wide analysis failed to identify cancer-cell intrinsic expression signatures of ICB response conserved across tumor types, suggesting that cancer cells lack tissue-agnostic transcriptomic features of ICB response. Our results challenge the prevailing dogma that cancer cells present tissue-agnostic molecular markers that modulate immune activity and ICB response, which has implications on the development of improved ICB diagnostics and treatments.