American Association for Cancer Research
00085472can113850-sup-fig1.pdf (702.56 kB)

Supplementary Figure 1 from Therapeutic Efficacy of Bifunctional siRNA Combining TGF-β1 Silencing with RIG-I Activation in Pancreatic Cancer

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-30, 21:21 authored by Jonathan Ellermeier, Jiwu Wei, Peter Duewell, Sabine Hoves, Mareike R. Stieg, Tina Adunka, Daniel Noerenberg, Hans-Joachim Anders, Doris Mayr, Hendrik Poeck, Gunther Hartmann, Stefan Endres, Max Schnurr

PDF file - 702K, RIG-I expression in human pancreatic carcinoma specimens



Deregulated TGF-β signaling in pancreatic cancer promotes tumor growth, invasion, metastasis, and a potent immunosuppressive network. A strategy for disrupting this tumor-promoting pathway is silencing TGF-β by siRNA. By introducing a triphosphate group at the 5′ end of siRNA (ppp-siRNA), gene silencing can be combined with immune activation via the cytosolic helicase retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I), a ubiquitously expressed receptor recognizing viral RNA. We validated RIG-I as a therapeutic target by showing that activation of RIG-I in pancreatic carcinoma cells induced IRF-3 phosphorylation, production of type I IFN, the chemokine CXCL10, as well as caspase-9–mediated tumor cell apoptosis. Next, we generated a bifunctional ppp-siRNA that combines RIG-I activation with gene silencing of TGF-β1 (ppp-TGF-β) and studied its therapeutic efficacy in the orthotopic Panc02 mouse model of pancreatic cancer. Intravenous injection of ppp-TGF-β reduced systemic and tumor-associated TGF-β levels. In addition, it induced high levels of type I IFN and CXCL10 in serum and tumor tissue, systemic immune cell activation, and profound tumor cell apoptosis in vivo. Treatment of mice with established tumors with ppp-TGF-β significantly prolonged survival as compared with ppp-RNA or TGF-β siRNA alone. Furthermore, we observed the recruitment of activated CD8+ T cells to the tumor and a reduced frequency of CD11b+ Gr-1+ myeloid cells. Therapeutic efficacy was dependent on CD8+ T cells, whereas natural killer cells were dispensable. In conclusion, combing TGF-β gene silencing with RIG-I signaling confers potent antitumor efficacy against pancreatic cancer by breaking tumor-induced CD8+ T cell suppression. Cancer Res; 73(6); 1709–20. ©2013 AACR.

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