American Association for Cancer Research
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Supplementary Figure 1 from Proximal Tubular Secretion of Creatinine by Organic Cation Transporter OCT2 in Cancer Patients

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-31, 16:45 authored by Giuliano Ciarimboli, Cynthia S. Lancaster, Eberhard Schlatter, Ryan M. Franke, Jason A. Sprowl, Hermann Pavenstädt, Vivian Massmann, Denise Guckel, Ron H. J. Mathijssen, Wenjian Yang, Ching-Hon Pui, Mary V. Relling, Edwin Herrmann, Alex Sparreboom

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Purpose: Knowledge of transporters responsible for the renal secretion of creatinine is key to a proper interpretation of serum creatinine and/or creatinine clearance as markers of renal function in cancer patients receiving chemotherapeutic agents.Experimental Design: Creatinine transport was studied in transfected HEK293 cells in vitro and in wild-type mice and age-matched organic cation transporter 1 and 2–deficient [Oct1/2(−/−)] mice ex vivo and in vivo. Clinical pharmacogenetic and transport inhibition studies were done in two separate cohorts of cancer patients.Results: Compared with wild-type mice, creatinine clearance was significantly impaired in Oct1/2(−/−) mice. Furthermore, creatinine inhibited organic cation transport in freshly isolated proximal tubules from wild-type mice and humans, but not in those from Oct1/2(−/−) mice. In a genetic association analysis (n = 590), several polymorphisms around the OCT2/SLC22A2 gene locus, including rs2504954 (P = 0.000873), were significantly associated with age-adjusted creatinine levels. Furthermore, in cancer patients (n = 68), the OCT2 substrate cisplatin caused an acute elevation of serum creatinine (P = 0.0083), consistent with inhibition of an elimination pathway.Conclusions: Collectively, this study shows that OCT2 plays a decisive role in the renal secretion of creatinine. This process can be inhibited by OCT2 substrates, which impair the usefulness of creatinine as a marker of renal function. Clin Cancer Res; 18(4); 1101–8. ©2012 AACR.