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Supplementary Figure 1 from Molecular Pathobiology of Human Cervical High-Grade Lesions: Paracrine STAT3 Activation in Tumor-Instructed Myeloid Cells Drives Local MMP-9 Expression

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posted on 2023-03-30, 20:22 authored by Nadine Schröer, Jennifer Pahne, Barbara Walch, Claudia Wickenhauser, Sigrun Smola
Supplementary Figure 1 from Molecular Pathobiology of Human Cervical High-Grade Lesions: Paracrine STAT3 Activation in Tumor-Instructed Myeloid Cells Drives Local MMP-9 Expression

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

In many tumors, the switch from precancerous lesions to malignancy critically relies on expression of the matrix-metalloprotease MMP-9, which is predominantly provided by infiltrating inflammatory cells. Our study defines a novel molecular cascade, how human neoplastic cells instruct tumor-associated myeloid cells to produce MMP-9. In biopsies of human papillomavirus–associated precancerous cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN III lesions), we show broad activation of the transcription factor STAT3 and coexpression of MMP-9 in perivascular inflammatory cells. For the first time, we establish a causative link between tumor-mediated paracrine STAT3 activation and MMP-9 production by human tumor-instructed monocytes, whereas NF-κB activation is dispensable for this response. Our data provide evidence that STAT3 does not directly induce MMP-9 but first leads to a strong production of the monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (CCL2) in the nanogram range. In a second phase, autocrine stimulation of the CCR2 receptor in the tumor-instructed monocytes amplifies MMP-9 expression via intracellular Ca2+ signaling. These findings elucidate a critical mechanism in the molecular pathobiology of cervical carcinogenesis at the switch to malignancy. Particularly in tumors, which are associated with infectious agents, STAT3-driven inflammation may be pivotal to promote carcinogenesis, while at the same time limit NF-κB–dependent immune responses and thus rejection of the infected preneoplastic cells. The molecular cascade defined in this study provides the basis for a rational design of future adjuvant therapies of cervical precancerous lesions. Cancer Res; 71(1); 87–97. ©2011 AACR. Cancer Res; 71(1); 87–97. ©2011 AACR.