American Association for Cancer Research
00085472can121681-sup-fig1.pdf (275.44 kB)

Supplementary Figure 1 from MDA-9/Syntenin and IGFBP-2 Promote Angiogenesis in Human Melanoma

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-30, 21:53 authored by Swadesh K. Das, Sujit K. Bhutia, Belal Azab, Timothy P. Kegelman, Leyla Peachy, Prasanna K. Santhekadur, Santanu Dasgupta, Rupesh Dash, Paul Dent, Steven Grant, Luni Emdad, Maurizio Pellecchia, Devanand Sarkar, Paul B. Fisher

PDF file - 275K, Characterization of stable shmda-9/syntenin and mda-9/syntenin clones.



Melanoma differentiation–associated gene-9 (mda-9/syntenin) encodes an adapter scaffold protein whose expression correlates with and mediates melanoma progression and metastasis. Tumor angiogenesis represents an integral component of cancer metastasis prompting us to investigate a possible role of mda-9/syntenin in inducing angiogenesis. Genetic (gain-of-function and loss-of-function) and pharmacologic approaches were used to modify mda-9/syntenin expression in normal immortal melanocytes, early radial growth phase melanoma, and metastatic melanoma cells. The consequence of modifying mda-9/syntenin expression on angiogenesis was evaluated using both in vitro and in vivo assays, including tube formation assays using human vascular endothelial cells, chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assays and xenograft tumor animal models. Gain-of-function and loss-of-function experiments confirm that MDA-9/syntenin induces angiogenesis by augmenting expression of several proangiogenic factors/genes. Experimental evidence is provided for a model of angiogenesis induction by MDA-9/syntenin in which MDA-9/syntenin interacts with the extracellular matrix (ECM), activating Src and FAK resulting in activation by phosphorylation of Akt, which induces hypoxia inducible factor 1-α (HIF-1α). The HIF-1α activates transcription of insulin growth factor–binding protein-2 (IGFBP-2), which is secreted thereby promoting angiogenesis and further induces endothelial cells to produce and secrete VEGF-A augmenting tumor angiogenesis. Our studies delineate an unanticipated cell nonautonomous function of MDA-9/syntenin in the context of angiogenesis, which may directly contribute to its metastasis-promoting properties. As a result, targeting MDA-9/syntenin or its downstream-regulated molecules may provide a means of simultaneously impeding metastasis by both directly inhibiting tumor cell transformed properties (autonomous) and indirectly by blocking angiogenesis (nonautonomous). Cancer Res; 73(2); 844–54. ©2012 AACR.

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