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00085472can061228-sup-supplementary_figure_1.pdf (101.55 kB)

Supplementary Figure 1 from Low-Calcium Serum-Free Defined Medium Selects for Growth of Normal Prostatic Epithelial Stem Cells

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posted on 2023-03-30, 16:41 authored by Ivan V. Litvinov, Donald J. Vander Griend, Yi Xu, Lizamma Antony, Susan L. Dalrymple, John T. Isaacs
Supplementary Figure 1 from Low-Calcium Serum-Free Defined Medium Selects for Growth of Normal Prostatic Epithelial Stem Cells

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Stage-specific differentiation markers were used to evaluate the cellular composition and the origin of nonimmortalized (PrEC) and immortalized (PZ-HPV7, CA-HPV10, RWPE-1, and 957E/hTERT) human prostate cell lines. These studies documented that immortalized and nonimmortalized prostate epithelial cells established and maintained in low (i.e., <300 μmol/L) Ca2+ serum-free defined (SFD) medium were all derived from normal nonmalignant prostate tissues and contain CD133+/ABCG2+/α2β1Hi/p63−/PSCA−/AR−/PSA− prostate stem cells. In these cultures, prostate stem cells are able to self-renew and generate two distinct cell lineages: the minor proliferatively quiescent neuroendocrine lineage and the major transit-amplifying cell lineage. Subsequently, CD133−/ABCG2−/α2β1Hi/p63+/PSCA−/AR−/PSA− transit-amplifying cells proliferate frequently and eventually mature into proliferatively quiescent CD133−/ABCG2−/α2β1Lo/p63−/PSCA+/AR−/PSA− intermediate cells. Such proliferatively quiescent intermediate cells, however, do not complete their full maturation into CD133−/ABCG2−/α2β1Lo/p63−/PSCA−/AR+/PSA+ luminal-secretory cells in low Ca2+ SFD medium. Addition of universal type I IFN and synthetic androgen (R1881) to culture medium resulted in up-regulation of androgen receptor protein expression. However, it failed to induce full differentiation of intermediate cells into AR+/PSA+ luminal-secretory cells. Our results indicate that such inability of prostate epithelial cells to complete their differentiation is due to continuous expression of Notch-1 receptor and its downstream effector, Hey-1 protein, which actively suppresses differentiation via its ability to transcriptionally repress a series of genes, including the GATA family of transcription factors. (Cancer Res 2006; 66(17): 8598-607)

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