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Supplementary Figure 1 from Immunotherapy for Hepatoma Using a Dual-Function Vector with Both Immunostimulatory and Pim-3–Silencing Effects

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posted on 2023-04-03, 14:00 authored by Qie Guo, Peixiang Lan, Xin Yu, Qiuju Han, Jian Zhang, Zhigang Tian, Cai Zhang

PDF - 44K, Figure S1. The expression of Pim-3 in mouse hepatoma cell lines and human hepatocellular carcinoma tissues. The expression of Pim-3 in murine hepatoma cell lines H22 and Hepa1-6 and the normal liver cell line BNL.CL2 as measured by semi-quantitative RT-PCR (A) and Western blotting (B). The expression of Pim-3 in human hepatocellular carcinoma tissues (T) and nontumor tissues (N) detected by real-time PCR (C) and Western blotting (D).

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Tumorigenesis is an immortalization process in which the growth of normal cells is uncontrolled and programmed cell death is suppressed. Molecular biologic and immunologic studies have revealed that the aberrant expression of some proto-oncogenes boosts proliferation and inhibits apoptosis, which is vital for tumor development. The hypofunction of the host immune system also drives the development and metastasis of malignant tumors. Pim-3, a member of the Pim family, is aberrantly expressed in several cancers. Data suggest that Pim-3 inhibits apoptosis by phosphorylating the proapoptotic BH3-only protein Bad. Here, we constructed a dual-function small hairpin RNA (shRNA) vector containing an shRNA targeting Pim-3 and a TLR7-stimulating ssRNA. Stimulation with this bi-functional vector in vitro promoted significant apoptosis of Hepa1-6 cells by regulating the expression of apoptosis-related proteins and induced secretion of type I IFNs. Most importantly, this bi-functional vector more effectively inhibited subcutaneous Hepa1-6 cell growth than did single shRNA and ssRNA treatment in vivo. Natural killer (NK), CD4+ T, and CD8+ T cells and macrophages were required for effective tumor suppression, and CD4+ T cells were shown to play a helper role in the activation of NK cells, possibly by regulating the secretion of Th1 or Th2 cytokines. This ssRNA–shRNA bi-functional vector may represent a promising approach for tumor therapy. Mol Cancer Ther; 13(6); 1503–13. ©2014 AACR.