Supplementary Figure 1 from Heterogeneity of Regional Redox Status and Relation of the Redox Status to Oxygenation in a Tumor Model, Evaluated Using Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Imaging
ARTICLE ABSTRACTIt is widely accepted that redox status, along with the partial pressure of oxygen (pO2), determines the efficacy of some therapeutic methods applied to treat tumors, including radiation. Redox status, evaluated by the reduction of a nitroxyl probe, was reportedly heterogeneous in a mouse tumor model. However, neither variation of heterogeneity of the redox status among mice nor the relation of the redox status to pO2 in tumors has been characterized sufficiently. In this study, the regional reduction status in a mouse radiation-induced fibrosarcoma tumor model was evaluated using sequential three-dimensional electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) imaging after i.v. injection of a tissue-permeable nitroxyl probe, HM-PROXYL. The regional decay of HM-PROXYL signal obeyed first-order kinetics, and the amplitude of the reduction rate and extent of its heterogeneity in a tumor varied among six mice. The tissue pO2 was measured using EPR oximetry with lithium phthalocyanine (LiPc) microcrystals implanted within the tumor. The location of LiPc was determined with EPR imaging. A sequential image was obtained following the injection of HM-PROXYL, even after LiPc implantation, by choosing an HM-PROXYL signal peak which does not overlap with the signal of LiPc. The relationship between pO2 and the reduction rate at the region of pO2 measurement was found to be low (r = 0.357) in 13 tumor-bearing mice, indicating that the extent of oxygenation does not necessarily affect the redox status under air-breathing conditions. The results strongly indicate the necessity of measurements of both redox status and oxygenation in every tumor to characterize tumor physiology. Cancer Res; 70(10); 4133–40. ©2010 AACR.