American Association for Cancer Research
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Supplementary Figure 1 from FOXO1A Is a Target for HER2-Overexpressing Breast Tumors

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-30, 19:33 authored by Yanyuan Wu, Xiying Shang, Marianna Sarkissyan, Dennis Slamon, Jaydutt V. Vadgama
Supplementary Figure 1 from FOXO1A Is a Target for HER2-Overexpressing Breast Tumors



Trastuzumab treatment has improved the overall survival of HER2-overexpressing breast cancer patients. However, many of these patients will eventually become resistant to treatment. The mechanisms that contribute to resistance to trastuzumab are unknown. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that targeting of the FKHR transcription factor FOXO1A in HER2-overexpressing breast tumor cells can overcome the trastuzumab resistance in vitro. We have shown that overexpression of HER2 leads to activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway and subsequent inactivation of FOXO1A in HER2-overexpressing breast cancer cells SKBR3, BT474, and MCF7-HER2. In wild-type SKBR3 and BT474 cells, trastuzumab downregulates active Akt and increases FOXO1A expression that leads to increase in p27kip1 and decrease in cyclin D1 and finally inhibits cell proliferation. In contrast, the effect of trastuzumab was eliminated by the reduction of FOXO1A in HER2-overexpressing cells with constitutively active Akt1 (SKBR3/AA28 and BT474/AA9). The downregulation of FOXO1A resulted in nuclear export of p27kip1. Blocking the constitutively active Akt by a specific Akt/protein kinase B signaling inhibitor-2 (API-2) significantly increased FOXO1A expression and rendered the cells more responsive to trastuzumab-induced growth inhibition. Reactivation of FOXO1A by stable or transient transfection also restored the growth-inhibitory effects of trastuzumab in SKBR3/AA28, BT474/AA9, and MCF7-HER2 cells. Knocking down FOXO1A by small interfering RNA resulted in reducing trastuzumab-induced growth inhibition. In summary, trastuzumab can inhibit proliferation of HER2-overexpressing breast cancer cells by reactivating FOXO1A through inhibition of the PI3K/Akt pathway. FOXO1A may therefore serve as a target for HER2-overexpressing breast tumors. Cancer Res; 70(13); 5475–85. ©2010 AACR.