American Association for Cancer Research

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Supplementary Fig.S1 from Preclinical Evaluation of 9MW2821, a Site-Specific Monomethyl Auristatin E–based Antibody–Drug Conjugate for Treatment of Nectin-4–expressing Cancers

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posted on 2023-08-01, 08:21 authored by Wei Zhou, Peng Fang, Dongan Yu, Hongyuan Ren, Meng You, Long Yin, Fei Mei, Huikai Zhu, Zhenzhen Wang, Hui Xu, Yuxia Cao, Xiaowei Sun, Xiaohong Xu, Jianjun Bi, Jin Wang, Lanping Ma, Xin Wang, Lin Chen, Yongliang Zhang, Xiaowei Cen, Xi Zhu, Liguang Lou, Datao Liu, Xiaoding Tan, Jinliang Yang, Tao Meng, Jingkang Shen

Structure of linker-payload complexes and conjugation process of 9MW2821.





Overexpression of nectin cell adhesion protein 4 correlates with cancer progression and poor prognosis in many human malignancies. Enfortumab vedotin (EV) is the first nectin-4–targeting antibody–drug conjugate (ADC) approved by the FDA for the treatment of urothelial cancer. However, inadequate efficacy has limited progress in the treatment of other solid tumors with EV. Furthermore, ocular, pulmonary, and hematologic toxic side effects are common in nectin-4–targeted therapy, which frequently results in dose reduction and/or treatment termination. Thus, we designed a second generation nectin-4–specific drug, 9MW2821, based on interchain-disulfide drug conjugate technology. This novel drug contained a site specifically conjugated humanized antibody and the cytotoxic moiety monomethyl auristatin E. The homogenous drug–antibody ratio and novel linker chemistry of 9MW2821 increased the stability of conjugate in the systemic circulation, enabling highly efficient drug delivery and avoiding off-target toxicity. In preclinical evaluation, 9MW2821 exhibited nectin-4–specific cell binding, efficient internalization, bystander killing, and equivalent or superior antitumor activity compared with EV in both cell line–derived xenograft and patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models. In addition, 9MW2821 demonstrated a favorable safety profile; the highest nonseverely toxic dose in monkey toxicologic studies was 6 mg/kg, with milder adverse events compared with EV. Overall, 9MW2821 is a nectin-4–directed, investigational ADC based on innovative technology that endowed the drug with compelling preclinical antitumor activity and a favorable therapeutic index. The 9MW2821 ADC is being investigated in a phase I/II clinical trial (NCT05216965 and NCT05773937) in patients with advanced solid tumors.

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