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Supplementary Data from RAB37 Hypermethylation Regulates Metastasis and Resistance to Docetaxel-Based Induction Chemotherapy in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma

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posted on 2023-03-31, 20:48 authored by Yingqin Li, Xiaojing Yang, Xiaojing Du, Yuan Lei, Qingmei He, Xiaohong Hong, Xinran Tang, Xin Wen, Panpan Zhang, Ying Sun, Jian Zhang, Yaqin Wang, Jun Ma, Na Liu
Supplementary Data from RAB37 Hypermethylation Regulates Metastasis and Resistance to Docetaxel-Based Induction Chemotherapy in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma

Funding

National Natural Science Foundation of China

Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province

Health and Medical Collaborative Innovation Project of Guangzhou City

Innovation Team Development Plan of the Ministry of Education

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Epigenetic alterations play important roles in metastasis and drug resistance through gene regulation. However, the functional features and molecular mechanisms of epigenetic changes remain largely unclear in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) metastasis. Gene regulatory network analysis was used to identify metastatic-specific dysregulated genes between normal and NPC tissues and the expression was validated in published Gene-Expression Omnibus data set. The regulatory and functional role of RAB37 downregulation was examined in NPC and was validated in vitro and in vivo, and downstream target of RAB37 was explored. The clinical value of RAB37 methylation was evaluated in NPC metastasis and chemosensitivity. We identified RAB37 as a specific hypermethylated gene that is most commonly downregulated in NPC. Moreover, RAB37 downregulation was attributed to hypermethylation of its promoter and was significantly associated with metastasis- and docetaxel chemoresistance-related features in NPC. Ectopic RAB37 overexpression suppressed NPC cell metastasis and enhanced chemosensitivity to docetaxel. Mechanistically, RAB37 colocalized with TIMP2, regulated TIMP2 secretion, inhibited downstream MMP2 activity, and consequently altered NPC cell metastasis. Furthermore, RAB37 hypermethylation was correlated with poor clinical outcomes in patients with NPC. We developed a prognostic model based on RAB37 methylation and N stage that effectively predicted an increased risk of distant metastasis and a favorable response to docetaxel-containing induction chemotherapy (IC) in NPC patients. This study shows that RAB37 hypermethylation is involved in NPC metastasis and chemoresistance, and that our prognostic model can identify patients who are at a high risk of distant metastasis and might benefit from for docetaxel IC.

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