American Association for Cancer Research
Browse
15357163mct090358-sup-supplementary_data.pdf (156.84 kB)

Supplementary Data from Tumor necrosis factor deficiency inhibits mammary tumorigenesis and a tumor necrosis factor neutralizing antibody decreases mammary tumor growth in neu/erbB2 transgenic mice

Download (156.84 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-31, 23:31 authored by Mary Ann Warren, Suzanne F. Shoemaker, David J. Shealy, Wiam Bshara, Margot M. Ip
Supplementary Data from Tumor necrosis factor deficiency inhibits mammary tumorigenesis and a tumor necrosis factor neutralizing antibody decreases mammary tumor growth in neu/erbB2 transgenic mice

History

ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) is a pleiotropic cytokine that is synthesized and secreted by cells of the immune system, as well as by certain epithelia and stroma. Based on our previous studies demonstrating TNF-stimulated proliferation of normal and malignant mammary epithelial cells, we hypothesized that TNF might promote the growth of breast cancer in vivo. To test this, we generated bigenic mice that overexpressed activated neu/erbB2 in the mammary epithelium and whose TNF status was wild-type, heterozygous, or null. Mammary tumorigenesis was significantly decreased in TNF−/− mice (n = 30) compared with that in TNF+/+ mice (n = 27), with a palpable tumor incidence of 10.0% and 44.4%, and palpable tumors/mouse of 0.10 ± 0.06 and 0.67 ± 0.17, respectively. Tumorigenesis in the heterozygous group fell between that in the TNF+/+ and TNF−/− groups, but was not significantly different from either of the homozygous groups. The decreased tumor development in the TNF−/− mice was associated with a decreased proliferative index in the lobular and ductal mammary epithelium. To further investigate the role of TNF in breast cancer, mammary tumor–bearing mice whose tumors overexpressed wild-type neu/erbB2 were treated with a TNF-neutralizing antibody or a control antibody for 4 weeks (n = 20/group). Mammary tumor growth was significantly inhibited in mice treated with the anti-TNF antibody compared with the control antibody. Together, these data show a stimulatory role for TNF in the growth of breast tumors and suggest that TNF antagonists may be effective in a subset of patients with breast cancer. [Mol Cancer Ther 2009;8(9):2655–63]

Usage metrics

    Molecular Cancer Therapeutics

    Licence

    Exports

    RefWorks
    BibTeX
    Ref. manager
    Endnote
    DataCite
    NLM
    DC