American Association for Cancer Research
23266066cir190228-sup-219759_2_supp_5684211_pvk5zl.pdf (2.8 MB)

Supplementary Data from Trifluridine/Tipiracil plus Oxaliplatin Improves PD-1 Blockade in Colorectal Cancer by Inducing Immunogenic Cell Death and Depleting Macrophages

Download (2.8 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 2023-04-04, 00:43 authored by Emeric Limagne, Marion Thibaudin, Lisa Nuttin, Aodrenn Spill, Valentin Derangère, Jean-David Fumet, Nadia Amellal, Elisa Peranzoni, Valérie Cattan, François Ghiringhelli

Supplementary figures



Trifluridine/tipiracil (FTD/TPI) is a new antimetabolite agent used to treat chemorefractory metastatic colorectal cancer. FTD/TPI induced immunogenic cell death (ICD) in vitro in the microsatellite-stable (MSS) CT26 mouse colon carcinoma cell line, as well as in various human MSS colorectal cancer cell lines (SW620, Caco-2, and Colo-320). The combination of FTD/TPI with oxaliplatin synergized to promote ICD. In vivo, the combination was able to induce ICD, but not the single agents, although all treatment groups showed T-cell dependency. In addition, FTD/TPI and oxaliplatin did not affect regulatory T cells or myeloid-derived suppressor cells but eliminated type-2 tumor-associated macrophages (TAM2), resulting in higher cytotoxic CD8+ T-cell infiltration and activation. This effect was concomitantly associated with PD-L1 expression on tumor cells and PD-1 induction on CD8+ T cells, leading to secondary T-cell exhaustion. Finally, although anti–PD-1 was unable to synergize with FTD/TPI or oxaliplatin monotherapy, concomitant administration of anti–PD-1 to FTD/TPI and oxaliplatin enhanced the antitumor efficacy of the double chemotherapy. Our study showed a novel immunomodulatory role of FTD/TPI and oxaliplatin in depleting TAM2. The combination of oxaliplatin and FTD/TPI induced ICD in vivo, providing a rationale for the use of these drugs to eliminate immunosuppressive cells and boost checkpoint efficacy in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer.

Usage metrics

    Cancer Immunology Research



    Ref. manager