Supplementary Data from Targeted Chemotherapy for Head and Neck Cancer with a Chimeric Oncolytic Adenovirus Coding for Bifunctional Suicide Protein FCU1
ARTICLE ABSTRACTPurpose: Transfer of prodrug activation systems into tumors by using replication-deficient viruses has been suggested to be an effective method for achieving high local and low systemic anticancer drug concentrations. However, most current suicide gene therapy strategies are still hindered by poor efficiency of in vivo gene transfer, inefficient tumor penetration, limited bystander cell killing effect, and need of large prodrug doses. We hypothesized that local amplification provided by a replication competent platform would help overcome these limitations.Experimental Design: We generated a transductionally and transcriptionally targeted oncolytic adenovirus Ad5/3-Δ24FCU1 expressing the fusion suicide gene FCU1. FCU1 encodes a bifunctional fusion protein that efficiently catalyzes the direct conversion of 5-FC, a relatively nontoxic antifungal agent, into the toxic metabolites 5-fluorouracil and 5-fluorouridine monophosphate, bypassing the natural resistance of certain human tumor cells to 5-fluorouracil.Results: We examined the efficacy of Ad5/3-Δ24FCU1 and the replication-defective control Ad5/3-FCU1 with and without 5-FC. FCU1 expression was confirmed by Western blot, whereas enzymatic conversion levels in vitro and in vivo were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography separation. Significant antitumor effect was observed in vitro and in vivo in a murine model of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Although we observed a decrease in viral DNA copy number in vitro and in tumors treated with Ad5/3-Δ24FCU1 and 5-FC, suggesting an effect on virus replication, the highest antitumor effect was observed for this combination.Conclusions: It seems feasible and efficacious to combine adenovirus replication to the FCU1 prodrug activation system. Clin Cancer Res; 16(9); 2540–9. ©2010 AACR.