American Association for Cancer Research
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Supplementary Data from Role of Elevated PHIP Copy Number as a Prognostic and Progression Marker for Cutaneous Melanoma

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posted on 2023-03-31, 20:46 authored by Vladimir Bezrookove, Mehdi Nosrati, James R. Miller, David De Semir, Altaf A. Dar, Elham Vosoughi, Edith Vaquero, Antje Sucker, Alexander J. Lazar, Jeffrey E. Gershenwald, Michael A. Davies, Dirk Schadendorf, Mohammed Kashani-Sabet

Contains Supplementary Table 1, and Supplementary Figure 1 and 2



University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

Dr. Miriam and Sheldon G. Adelson Medical Research Foundation

AIM at Melanoma Foundation

MD Anderson Melanoma Moon Shot Program



Purpose: Previous studies have indicated an important role for pleckstrin homology domain-interacting protein (PHIP) as a marker and mediator of melanoma metastasis. Here we aimed to confirm the role of PHIP copy number in successive stages of melanoma progression.Experimental Design: PHIP copy number was examined using FISH in three independent cohorts by recording the percentage of cells harboring ≥3 copies of PHIP. The impact of PHIP copy number on survival was assessed using Cox regression analysis. The enrichment of PHIP was assessed in various molecular melanoma subtypes. PHIP expression was analyzed in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) melanoma cohort.Results: Elevated PHIP copy number was significantly predictive of reduced distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) and disease-specific survival (DSS), and increased prevalence of ulceration in primary melanoma (cohort No. 1). By multivariate analysis, PHIP FISH scores were independently predictive of DMFS and DSS. PHIP copy number was enriched in metastatic melanomas harboring mutant NRAS or expressing PTEN protein (cohort No. 2). PHIP copy number was significantly elevated in metastatic melanomas when compared with matched primary tumors from the same patient (cohort No. 3). Several of these associations were replicated using TCGA cohort analysis.Conclusions: These results underscore the important role of PHIP copy-number elevation in melanoma progression, and identify molecular subtypes of melanoma in which PHIP is enriched. Finally, as elevated PHIP copy number appears to be selected for during the progression of primary to metastatic melanoma, these results confirm PHIP as a promising therapeutic target for melanoma. Clin Cancer Res; 24(17); 4119–25. ©2018 AACR.

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