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Supplementary Data from Reprogrammed Schwann Cells Organize into Dynamic Tracks that Promote Pancreatic Cancer Invasion

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posted on 2023-04-04, 00:23 authored by Sylvie Deborde, Laxmi Gusain, Ann Powers, Andrea Marcadis, Yasong Yu, Chun-Hao Chen, Anna Frants, Elizabeth Kao, Laura H. Tang, Efsevia Vakiani, Masataka Amisaki, Vinod P. Balachandran, Annalisa Calo, Tatiana Omelchenko, Kristjan R. Jessen, Boris Reva, Richard J. Wong
Supplementary Data from Reprogrammed Schwann Cells Organize into Dynamic Tracks that Promote Pancreatic Cancer Invasion

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National Institutes of Health (NIH)

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Nerves are a component of the tumor microenvironment contributing to cancer progression, but the role of cells from nerves in facilitating cancer invasion remains poorly understood. Here we show that Schwann cells (SC) activated by cancer cells collectively function as tumor-activated Schwann cell tracks (TAST) that promote cancer cell migration and invasion. Nonmyelinating SCs form TASTs and have cell gene expression signatures that correlate with diminished survival in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. In TASTs, dynamic SCs form tracks that serve as cancer pathways and apply forces on cancer cells to enhance cancer motility. These SCs are activated by c-Jun, analogous to their reprogramming during nerve repair. This study reveals a mechanism of cancer cell invasion that co-opts a wound repair process and exploits the ability of SCs to collectively organize into tracks. These findings establish a novel paradigm of how cancer cells spread and reveal therapeutic opportunities. How the tumor microenvironment participates in pancreatic cancer progression is not fully understood. Here, we show that SCs are activated by cancer cells and collectively organize into tracks that dynamically enable cancer invasion in a c-Jun–dependent manner.See related commentary by Amit and Maitra, p. 2240.This article is highlighted in the In This Issue feature, p. 2221

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