American Association for Cancer Research
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Supplementary Data from Phosphorylation of the src Epithelial Substrate Trask Is Tightly Regulated in Normal Epithelia but Widespread in Many Human Epithelial Cancers

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posted on 2023-03-31, 15:43 authored by Ching Hang Wong, Frederick L. Baehner, Danislav S. Spassov, Deepika Ahuja, Donghui Wang, Byron Hann, Jimmy Blair, Kevan Shokat, Alana L. Welm, Mark M. Moasser
Supplementary Data from Phosphorylation of the src Epithelial Substrate Trask Is Tightly Regulated in Normal Epithelia but Widespread in Many Human Epithelial Cancers

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Purpose: The frequently elevated activities of the c-src and c-yes products in human epithelial tumors suggest that these activated tyrosine kinases have tumorigenic functions analogous to the v-src and v-yes oncogene products. Studies of v-src–transformed fibroblasts have identified many of the effectors of this potent oncogene; however, because c-src and c-yes lack the mutational and promiscuous activities of their retroviral oncogene homologues, their presumptive tumorigenic functions in human epithelial tumors are more subtle, less well-defined, and await identification of possible effectors more directly relevant to epithelial cells.Experimental Design: We recently identified a transmembrane glycoprotein named Trask that is expressed in epithelial tissues but not fibroblasts and is phosphorylated by SRC kinases in mitotic epithelial cells. In this study, we have surveyed the expression and phosphorylation of Trask in many human epithelial cancer cell lines and surgical tissues and tumors.Results: Trask is widely expressed in human epithelial tissues, but its phosphorylation is tightly regulated and restricted to detached mitotic cells or cells undergoing physiologic shedding. However, abberant Trask phosphorylation is seen in many epithelial tumors from all stages including preinvasive, invasive, and metastatic tumors. Trask phosphorylation requires SRC kinases, and is also aberrantly hyperphosphorylated in the SRC-activated PyMT mouse epithelial tumors and dephosphorylated by the SRC inhibitor treatment of these tumors.Conclusions: The widespread phosphorylation of Trask in many human epithlelial cancers identifies a new potential effector of SRC kinases in human epithelial tumorigenesis.