American Association for Cancer Research
10780432ccr102144-sup-supplementary_data.pdf (11.66 MB)

Supplementary Data from Phase I Safety, Pharmacokinetic, and Pharmacodynamic Study of ENMD-2076, a Novel Angiogenic and Aurora Kinase Inhibitor,in Patients with Advanced Solid Tumors

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-31, 16:01 authored by Jennifer R. Diamond, Bruno R. Bastos, Ryan J. Hansen, Daniel L. Gustafson, S. Gail Eckhardt, Eunice L. Kwak, Shuchi S. Pandya, Graham C. Fletcher, Todd M. Pitts, Gillian N. Kulikowski, Mark Morrow, Jamie Arnott, Mark R. Bray, Carolyn Sidor, Wells Messersmith, Geoffrey I. Shapiro

Supplementary Figures S1-S4; Supplementary Tables S1-S5.



Purpose: ENMD-2076 is a unique orally bioavailable Aurora kinase and VEGFR inhibitor. The purpose of this phase 1 study of ENMD-2076 was to determine the MTD, pharmacokinetic, and pharmacodynamic profiles and preliminary antitumor activity.Experimental Design: Patients with refractory advanced solid malignancies were treated with ENMD-2076 orally with continuous once daily dosing. Doses from 60 to 200 mg/m2 were evaluated using a standard 3 (to 4) + 3 design. Pharmacokinetic parameters were studied on days 1, 28, and 30 to 35 of cycle 1. Expanded MTD cohorts included patients with ovarian cancer, colorectal cancer, and refractory solid tumors.Results: A total of 67 patients (46 F, 21M; ages 30–76) entered the study. Dose levels of 60, 80, 120, 200, and 160 mg/m2 were evaluated. Two patients experienced grade 3 hypertension at 200 mg/m2, and additional grade 3 neutropenia events limited tolerability at this dose. An intermediate dose of 160 mg/m2 was determined to be the MTD. The most common drug-related adverse events included hypertension, nausea/vomiting, and fatigue. The pharmacokinetics of ENMD-2076 were characterized by a rapid absorption phase (Tmax 3–7.8 hours), a t1/2 of 27.3 to 38.3 hours after a single dose, and dose proportional exposure. Decreased plasma sVEGFR2 was observed posttreatment. Two patients with platinum refractory/resistant ovarian cancer had RECIST partial responses.Conclusions: ENMD-2076 was well tolerated, had a linear pharmacokinetic profile, and showed promising antitumor activity, particularly in ovarian cancer. The recommended phase 2 dose of ENMD-2076 is 160 mg/m2 administered orally once daily with continuous dosing. Clin Cancer Res; 17(4); 849–60. ©2010 AACR.