American Association for Cancer Research
Browse
10780432ccr080889-sup-supplementary_figure_s1.pdf (29.62 kB)

Supplementary Data from Marked Activity of Irinotecan and Rapamycin Combination toward Colon Cancer Cells In vivo and In vitro Is Mediated through Cooperative Modulation of the Mammalian Target of Rapamycin/Hypoxia-Inducible Factor-1α Axis

Download (29.62 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-31, 15:40 authored by Erwan Pencreach, Eric Guérin, Céline Nicolet, Isabelle Lelong-Rebel, Anne-Claire Voegeli, Pierre Oudet, Annette K. Larsen, Marie-Pierre Gaub, Dominique Guenot
Supplementary Data from Marked Activity of Irinotecan and Rapamycin Combination toward Colon Cancer Cells In vivo and In vitro Is Mediated through Cooperative Modulation of the Mammalian Target of Rapamycin/Hypoxia-Inducible Factor-1α Axis

History

ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Purpose: Despite recent progress, colon cancer is often resistant to combination chemotherapy, highlighting the need for development of novel therapeutic approaches. An attractive target is hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), a key transcription factor with a pivotal role in tumor cell metabolism. One potential class of therapeutic agents targeting HIF-1α are mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors such as rapamycin. A second class are topoisomerase I inhibitors, such as irinotecan, which are able to inhibit the accumulation of HIF-1α. We here investigated whether combination of rapamycin and irinotecan was active in human colon cancer models.Experimental Design: Human metastatic tumors were xenografted in nude mice and treated with low doses of irinotecan alone, rapamycin alone, or combination of both drugs. The cellular effects of irinotecan and rapamycin were further characterized for HT-29 and HCT-116 colon cancer cells in vitro.Results: In contrast to single-agent therapy, xenografted tumors treated with combination of irinotecan and rapamycin showed potent inhibition of the mammalian target of rapamycin/HIF-1α axis, which was accompanied by a dramatic reduction in tumor volume. In vitro experiments showed that exposure to low concentrations of the two drugs resulted in massive HT-29 cell death under hypoxic, but not normoxic, conditions, in full agreement with a cytotoxic effect mediated through HIF-1α rather than through induction of genotoxic lesions. HCT-116 cells were less sensitive to the combined treatment due to constitutive activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt and Ras/mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways.Conclusion: These results identify HIF-1α as a promising target and provide a rationale for clinical trials of low-dose irinotecan and rapamycin combination toward metastatic colon cancer.