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10780432ccr092015-sup-supplementary_data.pdf (342.58 kB)

Supplementary Data from Interleukin 13 Mediates Signal Transduction through Interleukin 13 Receptor α2 in Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma: Role of IL-13 Pseudomonas Exotoxin in Pancreatic Cancer Therapy

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posted on 2023-03-31, 15:43 authored by Takeshi Shimamura, Toshio Fujisawa, Syed R. Husain, Bharat Joshi, Raj K. Puri
Supplementary Data from Interleukin 13 Mediates Signal Transduction through Interleukin 13 Receptor α2 in Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma: Role of IL-13 Pseudomonas Exotoxin in Pancreatic Cancer Therapy

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Purpose: Interleukin-13 receptor α2 (IL-13Rα2) is a tumor antigen that is overexpressed in certain human tumors. However, its significance and expression in pancreatic cancer is not known. It is also not known whether IL-13 can signal through IL-13Rα2 in cancer.Experimental Design: The expression of IL-13Rα2 was assessed in pancreatic cancer samples by immunohistochemistry and in cell lines by flow cytometry and reverse transcription-PCR. The role of IL-13Rα2 was examined by IL-13–induced signaling in pancreatic cancer cell lines. IL-13Rα2–positive tumors were targeted by IL-13PE cytotoxin in vitro and in vivo in an orthotopic murine model of human pancreatic cancer.Results: Of the pancreatic tumor samples 71% overexpressed moderate to high-density IL-13Rα2 chain compared with normal pancreatic samples. IL-13 induced transforming growth factor-β1 promoter activity in IL-13Rα2–positive tumor cells and in cells engineered to express IL-13Rα2 but not in IL-13Rα2–negative or RNA interference knockdown cells. c-Jun and c-Fos of the AP-1 family of nuclear factors were activated by IL-13 only in IL-13Rα2–positive cells. In the orthotopic mouse model, IL13-PE significantly decreased tumor growth when assessed by whole-body imaging and prolonged the mean survival time. Similar results were observed in mice xenografted with a surgically resected human pancreatic tumor sample.Conclusions: These results indicate that IL-13Rα2 is a functional receptor as IL-13 mediates signaling in human pancreatic cancer cell lines. IL-13 causes transforming growth factor-β activation via AP-1 pathway, which may cause tumor induced immunosuppression in the host. In addition, IL13-PE cytotoxin may be an effective therapeutic agent for the treatment of pancreatic cancer. Clin Cancer Res; 16(2); 577–86

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