American Association for Cancer Research
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Supplementary Data from Inhibition of Hypoxia Inducible Factor-1α by Dihydroxyphenylethanol, a Product from Olive Oil, Blocks Microsomal Prostaglandin-E Synthase-1/Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Expression and Reduces Tumor Angiogenesis

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posted on 2023-03-31, 16:28 authored by Erika Terzuoli, Sandra Donnini, Antonio Giachetti, Miguel A. Iñiguez, Manuel Fresno, Giovanni Melillo, Marina Ziche

Supplementary Figures S1-S5, Supplementary Materials and Methods, and Supplementary Table S1.

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Purpose: 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenil)-ethanol (DPE), a polyphenol present in olive oil, has been found to attenuate the growth of colon cancer cells, an effect presumably related to its anti-inflammatory activity.Experimental Design: To further explore the effects of DPE on angiogenesis and tumor growth we investigated the in vivo efficacy of DPE in a HT-29 xenograft model and in vitro activities in colon cancer cells exposed to interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and prostaglandin E-2 (PGE-2).Results: DPE (10 mg/kg/day for 14 days) inhibited tumor growth, reducing vessel lumina and blood perfusion to tumor, and diminished expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and microsomal prostaglandin-E synthase-1 (mPGEs-1). In vitro, DPE (100 μmol/L) neither affected cell proliferation nor induced apoptosis in HT-29 and WiDr cells. DPE prevented the IL-1β–mediated increase of mPGEs-1 expression and PGE-2 generation, as it did the silencing of HIF-1α. Moreover, DPE blocked mPGEs-1–dependent expression of VEGF and inhibited endothelial sprouting induced by tumor cells in a coculture system. PGE-2 triggers a feed-forward loop involving HIF-1α, which impinges on mPGEs-1 and VEGF expression, events prevented by DPE via extracellular signal–related kinase 1/2. The reduction of PGE-2 and VEGF levels, caused by DPE, was invariably associated with a marked decrease in HIF-1α expression and activity, independent of proteasome activity, indicating that the DPE effects on tumor growth and angiogenesis are dependent on the inhibition of HIF-1α translation.Conclusions: We show that the in vivo DPE antitumor effect is associated with anti-inflammatory and antiangiogenic activities resulting from the downregulation of the HIF-1α/mPGEs-1/VEGF axis. Clin Cancer Res; 16(16); 4207–16. ©2010 AACR.