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Supplementary Data from GATA6 Expression Distinguishes Classical and Basal-like Subtypes in Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

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posted on 2023-03-31, 21:51 authored by Grainne M. O’Kane, Barbara T. Grünwald, Gun-Ho Jang, Mehdi Masoomian, Sarah Picardo, Robert C. Grant, Robert E. Denroche, Amy Zhang, Yifan Wang, Jessica K. Miller, Bernard Lam, Paul M. Krzyzanowski, Ilinca M. Lungu, John M.S. Bartlett, Melanie Peralta, Foram Vyas, Rama Khokha, James Biagi, Dianne Chadwick, Stephanie Ramotar, Shawn Hutchinson, Anna Dodd, Julie M. Wilson, Faiyaz Notta, George Zogopoulos, Steven Gallinger, Jennifer J. Knox, Sandra E. Fischer
Supplementary Data from GATA6 Expression Distinguishes Classical and Basal-like Subtypes in Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

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Princess Margaret Cancer Foundation

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

To determine the impact of basal-like and classical subtypes in advanced pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and to explore GATA6 expression as a surrogate biomarker. Within the COMPASS trial, patients proceeding to chemotherapy for advanced PDAC undergo tumor biopsy for RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq). Overall response rate (ORR) and overall survival (OS) were stratified by subtypes and according to chemotherapy received. Correlation of GATA6 with the subtypes using gene expression profiling, in situ hybridization (ISH) was explored. Between December 2015 and May 2019, 195 patients (95%) had enough tissue for RNA-seq; 39 (20%) were classified as basal-like and 156 (80%) as classical. RECIST response data were available for 157 patients; 29 basal-like and 128 classical where the ORR was 10% versus 33%, respectively (P = 0.02). In patients with basal-like tumors treated with modified FOLFIRINOX (n = 22), the progression rate was 60% compared with 15% in classical PDAC (P = 0.0002). Median OS in the intention-to-treat population (n = 195) was 9.3 months for classical versus 5.9 months for basal-like PDAC (HR, 0.47; 95% confidence interval, 0.32–0.69; P = 0.0001). GATA6 expression by RNA-seq highly correlated with the classifier (P < 0.001) and ISH predicted the subtypes with sensitivity of 89% and specificity of 83%. In a multivariate analysis, GATA6 expression was prognostic (P = 0.02). In exploratory analyses, basal-like tumors, could be identified by keratin 5, were more hypoxic and enriched for a T-cell–inflamed gene expression signature. The basal-like subtype is chemoresistant and can be distinguished from classical PDAC by GATA6 expression.See related commentary by Collisson, p. 4715

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