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Supplementary Data from Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) Negatively Regulates Expression of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor and Causes Resistance to Gefitinib in COX-2–Overexpressing Cancer Cells

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posted on 2023-04-03, 18:00 authored by Young Mee Kim, Soo-Yeon Park, Hongryull Pyo
Supplementary Data from Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) Negatively Regulates Expression of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor and Causes Resistance to Gefitinib in COX-2–Overexpressing Cancer Cells

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Overexpression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) has been detected in many types of cancer. Although COX-2 and EGFR are closely related to each other, the exact mechanism of COX-2 in tumors has not been well understood. In this study, we investigated the relationship between COX-2 and EGFR in cancer cells. Using two cell lines stably overexpressing COX-2 (HCT-116-COX-2 and H460-COX-2) and a stable line of COX-2 knockdown MOR-P cells, we analyzed patterns of COX-2 and EGFR expression. To observe the effects of COX-2 on EGFR expression and activity, we did comparative analyses after treatment with various drugs (EGF, celecoxib, prostaglandin E2, gefitinib, Ro-31-8425, PD98059, and SP600125) in HCT-116-Mock versus HCT-116-COX-2 cells and H460-Mock versus H460-COX-2 cells. Overexpression of COX-2 specifically down-regulated EGFR expression at the level of transcription. COX-2–overexpressing cells have a decreased sensitivity to gefitinib. COX-2 induced activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) but suppressed Akt activation. JNK inhibition by SP600125, a specific JNK inhibitor, resulted in restoration of EGFR levels in COX-2–overexpressing cells, whereas ERK inhibition by PD98059 did not. Overexpressed COX-2 negatively regulates EGFR expression via JNK activation, leading to gefitinib resistance. COX-2 may also regulate ERK activity independently of EGFR. Therefore, resistance of COX-2–overexpressing cells to gefitinib may be due to decreased expression of EGFR by JNK activation and EGFR-independent elevation of ERK activity by COX-2. The ability of COX-2 to inhibit EGFR expression and gefitinib effects may have significance in clinical cancer therapy. (Mol Cancer Res 2009;7(8):1367–77)

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