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Supplementary Data from Circulating Tumor DNA Kinetics Predict Progression-Free and Overall Survival in EGFR TKI–Treated Patients with EGFR-Mutant NSCLC (SWOG S1403)

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posted on 2023-03-31, 23:47 authored by Philip C. Mack, Jieling Miao, Mary W. Redman, James Moon, Sarah B. Goldberg, Roy S. Herbst, Mary Ann Melnick, Zenta Walther, Fred R. Hirsch, Katerina Politi, Karen Kelly, David R. Gandara
Supplementary Data from Circulating Tumor DNA Kinetics Predict Progression-Free and Overall Survival in EGFR TKI–Treated Patients with EGFR-Mutant NSCLC (SWOG S1403)

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Dynamic changes in circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) are under investigation as an early indicator of treatment outcome. Serial plasma ctDNA (baseline, 8 weeks, and at progression) was prospectively incorporated into the SWOG S1403 clinical trial of afatinib ± cetuximab in tyrosine kinase inhibitor—naïve, EGFR mutation tissue–positive non–small cell lung cancer. EGFR mutations were detected in baseline ctDNA in 77% (82/106) of patients, associated with the presence of brain and/or liver metastases and M1B stage. Complete clearance of EGFR mutations in ctDNA by 8 weeks was associated with a significantly decreased risk of progression, compared with those with persistent ctDNA at Cycle 3 Day 1 [HR, 0.23; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.12–0.45; P < 0.0001], with a median progression-free survival (PFS) of 15.1 (95% CI, 10.6–17.5) months in the group with clearance of ctDNA versus 4.6 (1.7–7.5) months in the group with persistent ctDNA. Clearance was also associated with a decreased risk of death (HR, 0.44; 95% CI, 0.21–0.90), P = 0.02; median overall survival (OS): 32.6 (23.5–not estimable) versus 15.6 (4.9–28.3) months. Plasma clearance of mutant EGFR ctDNA at 8 weeks was highly and significantly predictive of PFS and OS, outperforming RECIST response for predicting long-term benefit.

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