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Supplementary Data from Celecoxib Colorectal Bioavailability and Chemopreventive Response in Patients with Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

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posted on 2023-04-03, 22:09 authored by Peiying Yang, Xiangsheng Zuo, Shailesh Advani, Bo Wei, Jessica Malek, Rena Sue Day, Imad Shureiqi
Supplementary Data from Celecoxib Colorectal Bioavailability and Chemopreventive Response in Patients with Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

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National Cancer Institute

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Why celecoxib exerts chemopreventive activity in only some familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) patients remains poorly understood. We conducted a phase II clinical study to identify potential predictive biomarkers for celecoxib chemopreventive activity in FAP. Twenty-seven patients with FAP completed a 6-month oral course of 400 mg of celecoxib twice a day; they underwent colonoscopies before and after celecoxib treatment to assess colorectal polyp tumor burden and to obtain normal and polyp colorectal biopsies to measure celecoxib, 13-S-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid (13-HODE), 15-HETE, 12-HETE, and LTB4 levels by LC/MS-MS. Celecoxib levels in sera from those patients were also measured before treatment and after 2, 4, and 6 months of treatment. Nineteen of the 27 patients experienced a response to celecoxib, with a ≥ 28% reduction of colonic polyp burden on the basis of a reproducible quantitative assessment of colonoscopy results. Celecoxib levels were significantly lower in polyp tissues than in normal colorectal tissues. Celecoxib levels in sera and normal colorectal tissues were correlated in patients who experienced a response to celecoxib but not in those who did not. Among the measured lipoxygenase products, only 13-HODE levels were significantly lower in polyp tissues than in normal tissues. Our findings demonstrate the differential bioavailability of celecoxib between normal and polyp tissues and its potential effects on clinical response in patients with FAP. This study evaluated potential predictive biomarkers for celecoxib chemopreventive activity in patients with FAP. Our findings demonstrated the differential bioavailability of celecoxib between normal and polyp tissues and its potential effects on clinical chemopreventive response in patients with FAP.See related Spotlight, p. 205

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