Supplementary Data from Bortezomib Sensitizes Human Renal Cell Carcinomas to TRAIL Apoptosis through Increased Activation of Caspase-8 in the Death-Inducing Signaling Complex
ARTICLE ABSTRACTBortezomib (VELCADE) could sensitize certain human renal cell carcinoma (RCC) lines to the apoptotic effects of tumor necrosis factor–related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL). Analysis of seven human RCC showed a clear increase in the sensitivity of four of the RCC to TRAIL cytotoxicity following bortezomib (5-20 nmol/L) treatment, whereas the remaining three remained resistant. Tumor cell death following sensitization had all the features of apoptosis. The enhanced antitumor activity of the bortezomib and TRAIL combination was confirmed in long-term (6 days) cancer cell outgrowth assays. The extent of proteasome inhibition by bortezomib in the various RCC was equivalent. Following bortezomib treatment, neither changes in the intracellular protein levels of various Bcl-2 and IAP family members, nor minor changes in expression of TRAIL receptors (DR4, DR5), correlated well with the sensitization or resistance of RCC to TRAIL-mediated apoptosis. However, enhanced procaspase-8 activation following bortezomib pretreatment and subsequent TRAIL exposure was only observed in the sensitized RCC in both cell extracts and death-inducing signaling complex immunoprecipitates. These data suggest that the molecular basis for bortezomib sensitization of RCC to TRAIL primarily involves early amplification of caspase-8 activity. In the absence of this increased caspase-8 activation, other bortezomib-induced changes are not sufficient to sensitize RCC to TRAIL-mediated apoptosis. Mol Cancer Res; 8(5); 729–38. ©2010 AACR.