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Supplementary Data from A Novel Plant Homeodomain Finger 10–Mediated Antiapoptotic Mechanism Involving Repression of Caspase-3 in Gastric Cancer Cells

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posted on 2023-03-31, 23:32 authored by Min Wei, Bingya Liu, Liping Su, Jianfang Li, Jun Zhang, Yingyan Yu, Min Yan, Zhongyin Yang, Xuehua Chen, Jiayun Liu, Xin Lv, Hui Nie, Qing Zhang, Zhong Zheng, Beiqin Yu, Jun Ji, Jianian Zhang, Zhenggang Zhu, Qinlong Gu
Supplementary Data from A Novel Plant Homeodomain Finger 10–Mediated Antiapoptotic Mechanism Involving Repression of Caspase-3 in Gastric Cancer Cells

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

The mechanisms governing tumorigenesis of gastric cancer have been an area of intense investigation. Currently, plant homeodomain (PHD) finger (PHF) proteins have been implicated in both tumor suppression and progression. However, the function of PHF10 has not been well characterized. Here, we show that various levels of PHF10 protein were observed in gastric cancer cell lines. Alteration of PHF10 expression, which is associated with tumor cell growth, may result in apoptosis in gastric cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo. Knockdown of PHF10 expression in gastric cancer cells led to significant induction of caspase-3 expression at both the RNA and protein levels and thus induced alteration of caspase-3 substrates in a time-dependent manner. Moreover, results from luciferase assays indicated that PHF10 acted as a transcriptional repressor when the two PHD domains contained in PHF10 were intact. Combined with previous findings, our data suggest that PHF10 transcriptionally regulates the expression of caspase-3. Finally, by using systematic reporter deletion and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays, we localized a region between nucleotides −270 and −170 in the caspase-3 promoter that was required for the efficient inhibition of caspase-3 promoter activity by PHF10. Collectively, our findings show that PHF10 repressed caspase-3 expression and impaired the programmed cell death pathway in human gastric cancer at the transcriptional level. Mol Cancer Ther; 9(6); 1764–74. ©2010 AACR.

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