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ccr-23-0203_supplementary_data_1_suppds1.docx (5.4 MB)

Supplementary Data 1 from Bavituximab Decreases Immunosuppressive Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells in Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma Patients

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posted on 2023-07-06, 14:20 authored by K. Ina Ly, Leland G. Richardson, Mofei Liu, Alona Muzikansky, Jonathan Cardona, Kevin Lou, Andrew L. Beers, Ken Chang, James M. Brown, Xiaoyue Ma, David A. Reardon, Isabel C. Arrillaga-Romany, Deborah A. Forst, Justin T. Jordan, Eudocia Q. Lee, Jorg Dietrich, Lakshmi Nayak, Patrick Y. Wen, Ugonma Chukwueke, Anita Giobbie-Hurder, Bryan D. Choi, Tracy T. Batchelor, Jayashree Kalpathy-Cramer, William T. Curry, Elizabeth R. Gerstner

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

We evaluated the efficacy of bavituximab—a mAb with anti-angiogenic and immunomodulatory properties—in newly diagnosed patients with glioblastoma (GBM) who also received radiotherapy and temozolomide. Perfusion MRI and myeloid-related gene transcription and inflammatory infiltrates in pre-and post-treatment tumor specimens were studied to evaluate on-target effects (NCT03139916). Thirty-three adults with IDH--wild-type GBM received 6 weeks of concurrent chemoradiotherapy, followed by 6 cycles of temozolomide (C1-C6). Bavituximab was given weekly, starting week 1 of chemoradiotherapy, for at least 18 weeks. The primary endpoint was proportion of patients alive at 12 months (OS-12). The null hypothesis would be rejected if OS-12 was ≥72%. Relative cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and vascular permeability (Ktrans) were calculated from perfusion MRIs. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells and tumor tissue were analyzed pre-treatment and at disease progression using RNA transcriptomics and multispectral immunofluorescence for myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) and macrophages. The study met its primary endpoint with an OS-12 of 73% (95% confidence interval, 59%–90%). Decreased pre-C1 rCBF (HR, 4.63; P = 0.029) and increased pre-C1 Ktrans were associated with improved overall survival (HR, 0.09; P = 0.005). Pre-treatment overexpression of myeloid-related genes in tumor tissue was associated with longer survival. Post-treatment tumor specimens contained fewer immunosuppressive MDSCs (P = 0.01). Bavituximab has activity in newly diagnosed GBM and resulted in on-target depletion of intratumoral immunosuppressive MDSCs. Elevated pre-treatment expression of myeloid-related transcripts in GBM may predict response to bavituximab.

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