American Association for Cancer Research
00085472can191904-sup-supplementarymovielegends.pdf (9.3 kB)

SupplementaryMovieLegends.pdf from The Amino-Terminal Oligomerization Domain of Angiopoietin-2 Affects Vascular Remodeling, Mammary Gland Tumor Growth, and Lung Metastasis in Mice

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-31, 03:47 authored by Emmi Kapiainen, Minna K. Kihlström, Riikka Pietilä, Mika Kaakinen, Veli-Pekka Ronkainen, Hongmin Tu, Anne Heikkinen, Raman Devarajan, Ilkka Miinalainen, Anna Laitakari, Mohammadhassan Ansarizadeh, Qin Zhang, Gong-Hong Wei, Lloyd Ruddock, Taina Pihlajaniemi, Harri Elamaa, Lauri Eklund

Legends for Sup movies 1 and 2



Angiopoietin-2 (ANGPT2) is a context-dependent TIE2 agonistic or antagonistic ligand that induces diverse responses in cancer. Blocking ANGPT2 provides a promising strategy for inhibiting tumor growth and metastasis, yet variable effects of targeting ANGPT2 have complicated drug development. ANGPT2443 is a naturally occurring, lower oligomeric protein isoform whose expression is increased in cancer. Here, we use a knock-in mouse line (mice expressing Angpt2443), a genetic model for breast cancer and metastasis (MMTV-PyMT), a syngeneic melanoma lung colonization model (B16F10), and orthotopic injection of E0771 breast cancer cells to show that alternative forms increase the diversity of Angpt2 function. In a mouse retina model of angiogenesis, expression of Angpt2443 caused impaired venous development, suggesting enhanced function as a competitive antagonist for Tie2. In mammary gland tumor models, Angpt2443 differentially affected primary tumor growth and vascularization; these varying effects were associated with Angpt2 protein localization in the endothelium or in the stromal extracellular matrix as well as the frequency of Tie2-positive tumor blood vessels. In the presence of metastatic cells, Angpt2443 promoted destabilization of pulmonary vasculature and lung metastasis. In vitro, ANGPT2443 was susceptible to proteolytical cleavage, resulting in a monomeric ligand (ANGPT2DAP) that inhibited ANGPT1- or ANGPT4-induced TIE2 activation but did not bind to alternative ANGPT2 receptor α5β1 integrin. Collectively, these data reveal novel roles for the ANGPT2 N-terminal domain in blood vessel remodeling, tumor growth, metastasis, integrin binding, and proteolytic regulation. This study identifies the role of the N-terminal oligomerization domain of angiopoietin-2 in vascular remodeling and lung metastasis and provides new insights into mechanisms underlying the versatile functions of angiopoietin-2 in cancer.See related commentary by Kamiyama and Augustin, p. 35

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