ARTICLE ABSTRACTTusamitamab ravtansine is an antibody–drug conjugate that targets carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 5 (CEACAM5) and delivers a cytotoxic maytansinoid payload. In a phase I dose-escalation study, the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was 100 mg/m2 every 2 weeks (Q2W). Here we report results for two alternative schedules.
Adults ages ≥18 years (range, 34–73) with locally advanced/metastatic solid tumors (N = 43; colon/rectum, 29; stomach, 7; pancreas, 4; other, 3) expressing/likely to express CEACAM5 received intravenous tusamitamab ravtansine 120–170 mg/m2 [loading dose (LD)], then 100 mg/m2 Q2W (Q2W-LD, n = 28), or 120–190 mg/m2 fixed dose [every 3 weeks (Q3W), n = 15]. The primary endpoint was dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) during cycles 1–2 (Q2W-LD) and cycle 1 (Q3W).
Reversible DLTs were observed in 2 of 9 patients (grade 2 keratopathy; grade 2 keratitis) with 170 mg/m2 in Q2W-LD and in 2 of 3 patients (grade 2 keratopathy; grade 3 transaminase elevation) with 190 mg/m2 in Q3W. Nineteen (67.9%) patients in Q2W-LD and 13 (86.7%) patients in Q3W experienced treatment-related adverse events (AE); 3 of 43 patients discontinued treatment because of AEs. The most common AEs were asthenia, gastrointestinal complaints, keratopathy, keratitis, and peripheral sensory neuropathy. In this small, heavily pretreated population, no confirmed responses were observed; however, stable disease occurred in 35.7% of patients in Q2W-LD and 40.0% of patients in Q3W.
Tusamitamab ravtansine had a favorable safety profile with both alternative administration schedules; MTDs were 170 mg/m2 (LD) followed by 100 mg/m2 Q2W, and 170 mg/m2 Q3W as a fixed dose. (NCT02187848).
The collective results of this phase I dose-escalation study will inform further studies of tusamitamab ravtansine in patients with solid tumors with CEACAM5 expression, including patients with non–small cell lung cancer.