American Association for Cancer Research
15357163mct180734-sup-204672_2_supp_5116172_ph2lhj.pdf (107.58 kB)

Supplemental Table 1 from Intestinal Toxicity in Rats Following Administration of CDK4/6 Inhibitors Is Independent of Primary Pharmacology

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-04-03, 15:45 authored by Stephane Thibault, Wenyue Hu, Brad Hirakawa, Dalia Kalabat, Tania Franks, Tae Sung, Su Khoh-Reiter, Shuyan Lu, Martin Finkelstein, Bart Jessen, Aida Sacaan

Table S1 shows plasma exposure in humans or rats.


Pfizer Inc



Recently three different cyclin-dependent kinase 4 and 6 (CDK4/6) dual inhibitors were approved for the treatment of breast cancer (palbociclib, ribociclib, and abemaciclib), all of which offer comparable therapeutic benefits. Their safety profiles, however, are different. For example, neutropenia is observed at varying incidences in patients treated with these drugs; however, it is the most common adverse event for palbociclib and ribociclib, whereas diarrhea is the most common adverse event observed in patients treated with abemaciclib. To understand the mechanism of diarrhea observed with these drugs and in an effort to guide the development of safer drugs, we compared the effects of oral administration of palbociclib, ribociclib, and abemaciclib on the gastrointestinal tract of rats using doses intended to produce comparable CDK4/6 inhibition. Rats administered abemaciclib, but not palbociclib or ribociclib, had fecal alterations, unique histopathologic findings, and distinctive changes in intestinal gene expression. Morphologic changes in the intestine were characterized by proliferation of crypt cells, loss of goblet cells, poorly differentiated and degenerating enterocytes with loss of microvilli, and mucosal inflammation. In the jejunum of abemaciclib-treated rats, downregulation of enterocyte membrane transporters and upregulation of genes associated with cell proliferation were observed, consistent with activation of the Wnt pathway and downstream transcriptional regulation. Among these CDK4/6 inhibitors, intestinal toxicity was unique to rats treated with abemaciclib, suggesting a mechanism of toxicity not due to primary pharmacology (CDK4/6 inhibition), but to activity at secondary pharmacologic targets.

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