American Association for Cancer Research
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Figure S5 from Cancer Incidence and Mortality Estimates in Arab Countries in 2018: A GLOBOCAN Data Analysis

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-12-01, 08:42 authored by Mariam Al-Muftah, Fares Al-Ejeh

Figure S5: Age-specific incidence of cancers in Arab countries. The ASIR for cancers at different age groups in Arab countries are summarized and compared to the ASIR at the same age groups for the World, USA and Europe. Arab countries are labelled as those in the Arabian Gulf (maroon), the Levant (green) and North Africa (blue). The world, USA and Europe in black font. Each cancer type is shown on a separate page in the following pages organized alphabetically. For all age groups please refer to Supplementary Data Tables S1 and S2.


Qatar Biomedical Research Institute, Hamad Bin Khalifa University (QBRI)



Arab countries are projecting increase in cancer incidence and mortality; however, there are limited studies that compare the epidemiology of cancer in Arab countries compared with other parts of the world. We used the 2018 Global Cancer Observatory data to compare the age-standardized incidence and mortality estimates in Arab-speaking countries to the rest of the world. Rates for incidence and mortality for all cancers in Arab countries were lower than the world's rates but the incidence rates of non-Hodgkin and Hodgkin lymphoma, bladder, breast, and liver cancers were higher. Arab countries generally had higher mortality-to-incidence ratio than the world's ratio. Incidence rates, even in age-specific groups, varied between subregions of Arab countries (the Levant, Arabian Gulf, and Arab African subregions), and Iraq and Egypt, suggesting some common and unique environmental factors and possible ethnic or genetic heritages. There are essential scopes for improvements in Arab countries including better treatments to reduce the high mortality-to-incidence ratio, and supporting vaccination programs and antiviral treatments that would prevent the prevalent viral infection–related cancers. The high incidence of several cancers in younger Arabs suggests genetic factors and underlines the importance of genetic epidemiology studies. This study is an essential reference to evaluate and monitor the progress of national cancer initiatives in Arab countries for surveillance and prevention programs and improving clinical management. The study also provides a comprehensive snapshot of cancers in a unique region that could shed light on the interplay of environmental, lifestyle, and genetic risk factors.

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