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15357163mct200351-sup-242450_2_supp_6779131_qsssls.pdf (126.54 kB)

Figure S4 from Resistance to Pyrrolobenzodiazepine Dimers Is Associated with SLFN11 Downregulation and Can Be Reversed through Inhibition of ATR

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posted on 2023-04-03, 18:26 authored by Shenlan Mao, Raghothama Chaerkady, Wen Yu, Gina D’Angelo, Andrew Garcia, Hong Chen, Allison M. Barrett, Sandrina Phipps, Ryan Fleming, Sonja Hess, Jens-Oliver Koopmann, Nazzareno Dimasi, Susan Wilson, Kathryn Pugh, Kimberly Cook, Luke A. Masterson, Changshou Gao, Herren Wu, Ronald Herbst, Philip W. Howard, David A. Tice, Mark Cobbold, Jay Harper

Knockdown of 5T4 expression do not confer SG3199 resistance to parental MDA-MB-361 cells.

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Resistance to antibody–drug conjugates (ADCs) has been observed in both preclinical models and clinical studies. However, mechanisms of resistance to pyrrolobenzodiazepine (PBD)-conjugated ADCs have not been well characterized and thus, this study was designed to investigate development of resistance to PBD dimer warheads and PBD-conjugated ADCs. We established a PBD-resistant cell line, 361-PBDr, by treating human breast cancer MDA-MB-361 cells with gradually increasing concentrations of SG3199, the PBD dimer released from the PBD drug-linker tesirine. 361-PBDr cells were over 20-fold less sensitive to SG3199 compared with parental cells and were cross-resistant to other PBD warhead and ADCs conjugated with PBDs. Proteomic profiling revealed that downregulation of Schlafen family member 11 (SLFN11), a putative DNA/RNA helicase, sensitizing cancer cells to DNA-damaging agents, was associated with PBD resistance. Confirmatory studies demonstrated that siRNA knockdown of SLFN11 in multiple tumor cell lines conferred reduced sensitivity to SG3199 and PBD-conjugated ADCs. Treatment with EPZ011989, an EZH2 inhibitor, derepressed SLFN11 expression in 361-PBDr and other SLFN11-deficient tumor cells, and increased sensitivity to PBD and PBD-conjugated ADCs, indicating that the suppression of SLFN11 expression is associated with histone methylation as reported. Moreover, we demonstrated that combining an ataxia telangiectasia and Rad3-related protein (ATR) inhibitor, AZD6738, with SG3199 or PBD-based ADCs led to synergistic cytotoxicity in either resistant 361-PBDr cells or cells that SLFN11 was knocked down via siRNA. Collectively, these data provide insights into potential development of resistance to PBDs and PBD-conjugated ADCs, and more importantly, inform strategy development to overcome such resistance.

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