National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)
Young Scientists Fund
National Key Research and Development Program of China (NKPs)
ARTICLE ABSTRACTTherapy-induced senescence (TIS) is common in tumor cells treated with PARP inhibitors (PARPis) and can serve as a promising target for improving PARPi efficacy. However, whether stromal components within the tumor microenvironment undergo TIS caused by PARPis and contribute to consequential treatment failure remain unclear. We previously revealed that PARPis triggered a senescence-like secretory phenotype in stromal fibroblasts. Here, we further explored PARPi-induced senescence in the stroma, its contribution to PARPi resistance, and opportunities to leverage stromal TIS for improved PARPi sensitivity. In this study, we demonstrated that tumor tissues from patients treated with neoadjuvant PARPis showed a significant senescence-like phenotype in the stroma. Moreover, PARPi-induced senescent cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) displayed a senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) profile that was sufficient to induce tumor resistance to PARPis in both homologous recombination–deficient (HRD) and –proficient ovarian cancer cells. Using the GLAD4U database, we found that bepotastine, an approved H1-antihistamine, inhibited the SASP of PARPi-primed CAFs at clinical serum concentrations. We further demonstrated that bepotastine attenuated fibroblast-facilitated tumor resistance to PARPis in three-dimensional organotypic cultures and HRD-positive patient-derived xenograft models. Mechanistically, bepotastine suppressed PARPi-triggered SASP by inhibiting NF-κB signaling independent of the histamine H1 receptor. Taken together, our results highlight the importance of stromal TIS and SASP in PARPi resistance, and targeting SASP with bepotastine may be a promising therapeutic option for improving PARPi sensitivity in ovarian cancer.