American Association for Cancer Research
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10780432ccr191430-sup-221571_3_supp_5941928_q2229v.pdf (71.9 kB)

Figure S3 from A Phase I Study of ASTX660, an Antagonist of Inhibitors of Apoptosis Proteins, in Adults with Advanced Cancers or Lymphoma

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-31, 21:20 authored by Monica M. Mita, Patricia M. LoRusso, Kyriakos P. Papadopoulos, Michael S. Gordon, Alain C. Mita, Roberta Ferraldeschi, Harold Keer, Aram Oganesian, Xiang Yao Su, Simone Jueliger, Anthony W. Tolcher

Figure S3 shows changes in interleukin-8 in plasma from screening thru day 9 at the indicated doses.

History

ARTICLE ABSTRACT

This first-in-human, phase I study evaluated ASTX660, an oral, small-molecule antagonist of cellular/X-linked inhibitors of apoptosis proteins in patients with advanced solid tumors or lymphoma. ASTX660 was administered orally once daily on a 7-day-on/7-day-off schedule in a 28-day cycle. Dose escalation followed a standard 3+3 design to determine the MTD and recommended phase II dose (RP2D). Dose expansion was conducted at the RP2D. Forty-five patients received ASTX660 (range 15–270 mg/day). Dose-limiting toxicity of grade 3 increased lipase with or without increased amylase occurred in 3 patients at 270 mg/day and 1 patient at 210 mg/day. The MTD was determined to be 210 mg/day and the RP2D 180 mg/day. Common treatment-related adverse events included fatigue (33%), vomiting (31%), and nausea (27%). Grade ≥3 treatment-related adverse events occurred in 7 patients, most commonly anemia (13%), increased lipase (11%), and lymphopenia (9%). ASTX660 was rapidly absorbed, with maximum concentration achieved at approximately 0.5–1.0 hour. An approximately 2-fold accumulation in AUC exposures was observed on day 7 versus 1. ASTX660 suppressed cellular inhibitor of apoptosis protein-1 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells, which was maintained into the second cycle beyond the off-therapy week at the 180-mg/day RP2D and above. Clinical activity was seen in a patient with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. ASTX660 demonstrated a manageable safety profile and exhibited evidence of pharmacodynamic and preliminary clinical activity at the 180-mg/day RP2D. The phase II part of the study is ongoing.