American Association for Cancer Research
00085472can180320-sup-196357_2_supp_4942910_pdn4sk.pdf (1.33 MB)

Figure S2 from Reduced Expression of PROX1 Transitions Glioblastoma Cells into a Mesenchymal Gene Expression Subtype

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-31, 02:07 authored by Kaveh M. Goudarzi, Jaime A. Espinoza, Min Guo, Jiri Bartek, Monica Nistér, Mikael S. Lindström, Daniel Hägerstrand

Expression analysis of PROX1 in different glioma sample collections



Åke Wiberg stiftelse

Karolinska Institutet

Magnus Bergvalls Stiftelse

King Gustaf V's Jubilee Foundation

Swedish Research Council

Chinese Scholarship Council

Swedish Cancer Society

Cancer Society in Stockholm

Swedish Childhood Cancer Foundation

Stockholm County Council



The homeodomain transcription factor PROX1 has been linked to several cancer types, including gliomas, but its functions remain to be further elucidated. Here we describe a functional role and the prognostic value of PROX1 in glioblastoma. Low expression of PROX1 correlated with poor overall survival and the mesenchymal glioblastoma subtype signature. The latter finding was recapitulated in vitro, where suppression or overexpression of PROX1 in glioma cell cultures transitioned cells to a mesenchymal or to a nonmesenchymal glioblastoma gene expression signature, respectively. PROX1 modulation affected proliferation rates that coincided with changes in protein levels of CCNA1 and CCNE1 as well as the cyclin inhibitors CDKN1A, CDKN1B, and CDKN1C. Overexpression of SOX2 increased PROX1 expression, but treatment with a CDK2 inhibitor subsequently decreased PROX1 expression, which was paralleled by decreased SOX2 levels. The THRAP3 protein was a novel binding partner for PROX1, and suppression of THRAP3 increased both transcript and protein levels of PROX1. Together, these findings highlight the prognostic value of PROX1 and its role as a regulator of glioblastoma gene expression subtypes, intratumoral heterogeneity, proliferation, and cell-cycle control.Significance: These findings demonstrate the role and prognostic value of PROX1 in glioblastomas; low PROX1 levels correlate with a mesenchymal gene expression subtype and shorter survival in glioblastoma tumors. Cancer Res; 78(20); 5901–16. ©2018 AACR.