American Association for Cancer Research
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Figure S1 from Inhibition of Autotaxin with GLPG1690 Increases the Efficacy of Radiotherapy and Chemotherapy in a Mouse Model of Breast Cancer

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-04-03, 15:30 authored by Xiaoyun Tang, Melinda Wuest, Matthew G.K. Benesch, Jennifer Dufour, YuanYuan Zhao, Jonathan M. Curtis, Alain Monjardet, Bertrand Heckmann, David Murray, Frank Wuest, David N. Brindley

Body weight of mice A: Body weight of mice before and after treatment with GLPG1690 in combination with radiation. n = 5 to 6 mice per group. B: Body weight of mice before and after treatment with GLPG1690 in combination with doxorubicin. n = 6 mice per group.


Canadian Cancer Society Research Institute



Autotaxin catalyzes the formation of lysophosphatidic acid, which stimulates tumor growth and metastasis and decreases the effectiveness of cancer therapies. In breast cancer, autotaxin is secreted mainly by breast adipocytes, especially when stimulated by inflammatory cytokines produced by tumors. In this work, we studied the effects of an ATX inhibitor, GLPG1690, which is in phase III clinical trials for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, on responses to radiotherapy and chemotherapy in a syngeneic orthotopic mouse model of breast cancer. Tumors were treated with fractionated external beam irradiation, which was optimized to decrease tumor weight by approximately 80%. Mice were also dosed twice daily with GLPG1690 or vehicle beginning at 1 day before the radiation until 4 days after radiation was completed. GLPG1690 combined with irradiation did not decrease tumor growth further compared with radiation alone. However, GLPG1690 decreased the uptake of 3′-deoxy-3′-[18F]-fluorothymidine by tumors and the percentage of Ki67-positive cells. This was also associated with increased cleaved caspase-3 and decreased Bcl-2 levels in these tumors. GLPG1690 decreased irradiation-induced C-C motif chemokine ligand-11 in tumors and levels of IL9, IL12p40, macrophage colony-stimulating factor, and IFNγ in adipose tissue adjacent to the tumor. In other experiments, mice were treated with doxorubicin every 2 days after the tumors developed. GLPG1690 acted synergistically with doxorubicin to decrease tumor growth and the percentage of Ki67-positive cells. GLPG1690 also increased 4-hydroxynonenal-protein adducts in these tumors. These results indicate that inhibiting ATX provides a promising adjuvant to improve the outcomes of radiotherapy and chemotherapy for breast cancer.