American Association for Cancer Research
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Figure S1 from Hormone-Dependent Prostate Cancers are Dependent on Rac Signaling for Growth and Survival

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-04-03, 18:46 authored by Erik T. Goka, Dayrelis T. Mesa Lopez, Marc E. Lippman

Supplementary Figure 1. A) Rac1 DNA copy number in blood, normal prostate, and prostate adenocarcinoma from patients in the TCGA PRAD dataset B) Rac1 mRNA expression of normal prostate and prostate adenocarcinoma from the TCGA PRAD dataset.



Prostate cancer remains a common cause of cancer mortality in men. Initially, cancers are dependent of androgens for growth and survival. First line therapies reduce levels of circulating androgens or target the androgen receptor (AR) directly. Although most patients show durable responses, many patients eventually progress to castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) creating a need for alternative treatment options. The Rac1 signaling pathway has previously been implicated as a driver of cancer initiation and disease progression. We investigated the role of HACE1, the E3 ubiquitin ligase for Rac1, in prostate cancer and found that HACE1 is commonly lost resulting in hyperactive Rac signaling leading to enhanced cellular proliferation, motility and viability. Importantly, we show that a Rac inhibitor can attenuate the growth and survival of prostate cancer cells. Rac signaling was also found to be critical in prostate cancers that express the AR. Rac inhibition in androgen dependent cells resulted in reduction of AR target gene expression suggesting that targeting Rac1 may be an alternative method for blocking the AR signaling axis. Finally, when used in combination with AR antagonists, Rac inhibition enhanced the suppression of AR target gene expression. Therefore, targeting Rac in prostate cancer has the potential to enhance the efficacy of approved AR therapies.

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