American Association for Cancer Research
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Figure S17 from Integration of Genomic and Transcriptomic Markers Improves the Prognosis Prediction of Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-31, 22:32 authored by Xiaojing Lin, Niu Qiao, Yang Shen, Hai Fang, Qing Xue, Bowen Cui, Li Chen, Hongming Zhu, Sujiang Zhang, Yu Chen, Lu Jiang, Shengyue Wang, Junmin Li, Bingshun Wang, Bing Chen, Zhu Chen, Saijuan Chen

Figure S17. External validation of the GSE6891 cohort. (A) The upper panel shows the expression patterns of 9 APL9-related genes from eight GSE6891 patients with APL. The bottom panel shows the bar plot of the APL9 score in ascending order. (B) Kaplan-Meier estimates of overall survival according to the APL9 score groups in GSE6891 cohort. P-value is calculated using the log-rank test.


National High-tech Research and Development Program

Shanghai Jiao Tong University

Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research

National Natural Science Foundation of China

National Key Research and Development Program of China

Shanghai Municipal Education Commission



The current stratification system for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is based on the white blood cell (WBC) and the platelet counts (i.e., Sanz score) over the past two decades. However, the borderlines among different risk groups are sometimes ambiguous, and for some patients, early death and relapse remained challenges. Besides, with the evolving of the treatment strategy from all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) and chemotherapy to ATRA–arsenic trioxide-based synergistic targeted therapy, the precise risk stratification with molecular markers is needed. This study performed a systematic analysis of APL genomics and transcriptomics to identify genetic abnormalities in 348 patients mainly from the APL2012 trial (NCT01987297) to illustrate the potential molecular background of Sanz score and further optimize it. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator algorithm was used to analyze the gene expression in 323 cases to establish a scoring system (i.e., APL9 score). Through combining NRAS mutations, APL9 score, and WBC, 321 cases can be stratified into two groups with significantly different outcomes. The estimated 5-year overall (P = 0.00031), event-free (P < 0.0001), and disease-free (P = 0.001) survival rates in the revised standard-risk group (95.6%, 93.8%, and 98.1%, respectively) were significantly better than those in the revised high-risk group (82.9%, 77.4%, and 88.4%, respectively), which could be validated using The Cancer Genome Atlas dataset. We have proposed a two-category system for improving prognosis in patients with APL. Molecular markers identified in this study may also provide genomic insights into the disease mechanism for improved therapy.