American Association for Cancer Research
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Fig. S4 from Small-Molecule–Mediated Stabilization of PP2A Modulates the Homologous Recombination Pathway and Potentiates DNA Damage-Induced Cell Death

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posted on 2023-05-04, 08:20 authored by Rita A. Avelar, Amy J. Armstrong, Gracie Carvette, Riya Gupta, Noah Puleo, Jose A. Colina, Peronne Joseph, Alexander M. Sobeck, Caitlin M. O'Connor, Brynne Raines, Agharnan Gandhi, Michele L. Dziubinski, Daniel S. Ma, Kimberly Resnick, Sareena Singh, Kristine Zanotti, Christa Nagel, Steven Waggoner, Daffyd G. Thomas, Stephanie L. Skala, Junran Zhang, Goutham Narla, Analisa DiFeo

Fig. S4


U.S. Department of Defense (DOD)

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

United States Department of Health and Human Services

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High-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC) is the most common and lethal ovarian cancer subtype. PARP inhibitors (PARPi) have become the mainstay of HGSC-targeted therapy, given that these tumors are driven by a high degree of genomic instability (GI) and homologous recombination (HR) defects. Nonetheless, approximately 30% of patients initially respond to treatment, ultimately relapsing with resistant disease. Thus, despite recent advances in drug development and an increased understanding of genetic alterations driving HGSC progression, mortality has not declined, highlighting the need for novel therapies. Using a small-molecule activator of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A; SMAP-061), we investigated the mechanism by which PP2A stabilization induces apoptosis in patient-derived HGSC cells and xenograft (PDX) models alone or in combination with PARPi. We uncovered that PP2A genes essential for cellular transformation (B56α, B56γ, and PR72) and basal phosphatase activity (PP2A-A and -C) are heterozygously lost in the majority of HGSC. Moreover, loss of these PP2A genes correlates with worse overall patient survival. We show that SMAP-061–induced stabilization of PP2A inhibits the HR output by targeting RAD51, leading to chronic accumulation of DNA damage and ultimately apoptosis. Furthermore, combination of SMAP-061 and PARPi leads to enhanced apoptosis in both HR-proficient and HR-deficient HGSC cells and PDX models. Our studies identify PP2A as a novel regulator of HR and indicate PP2A modulators as a therapeutic therapy for HGSC. In summary, our findings further emphasize the potential of PP2A modulators to overcome PARPi insensitivity, given that targeting RAD51 presents benefits in overcoming PARPi resistance driven by BRCA1/2 mutation reversions.

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