ARTICLE ABSTRACTInvasive lobular breast carcinoma (ILC), one of the major breast cancer histologic subtypes, exhibits unique features compared with the well-studied ductal cancer subtype (IDC). The pathognomonic feature of ILC is loss of E-cadherin, mainly caused by inactivating mutations, but the contribution of this genetic alteration to ILC-specific molecular characteristics remains largely understudied. To profile these features transcriptionally, we conducted single-cell RNA sequencing on a panel of IDC and ILC cell lines, and an IDC cell line (T47D) with CRISPR-Cas9–mediated E-cadherin knockout (KO). Inspection of intracell line heterogeneity illustrated genetically and transcriptionally distinct subpopulations in multiple cell lines and highlighted rare populations of MCF7 cells highly expressing an apoptosis-related signature, positively correlated with a preadaptation signature to estrogen deprivation. Investigation of E-cadherin KO–induced alterations showed transcriptomic membranous systems remodeling, elevated resemblance to ILCs in regulon activation, and increased sensitivity to IFNγ-mediated growth inhibition via activation of IRF1. This study reveals single-cell transcriptional heterogeneity in breast cancer cell lines and provides a resource to identify drivers of cancer progression and drug resistance.
This study represents a key step towards understanding heterogeneity in cancer cell lines and the role of E-cadherin depletion in contributing to the molecular features of invasive lobular breast carcinoma.