American Association for Cancer Research
19406207capr150257-sup-151477_1_supp_3121293_ntr0c1.png (54.93 kB)

supplemental Figure 3 from Unconjugated Bilirubin Is a Novel Prognostic Biomarker for Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma and Inhibits Its Metastasis via Antioxidation Activity

Download (54.93 kB)
posted on 2023-04-03, 22:08 authored by Cheng-Cheng Deng, Miao Xu, Jing Li, Xiao-Lin Luo, Yu-Jia Zhu, Rou Jiang, Meng-Xia Zhang, Jin-Ju Lei, Yi-Fan Lian, Xiong Zou, Rui You, Li-Zhen Chen, Qi-Sheng Feng, Jin-Xin Bei, Ming-Yuan Chen, Yi-Xin Zeng

Supplemental Figure 3.Intraperitoneal injection of UCB increase serum UCB levels in nude mice.


National Basic Research Program of China

National Natural Science Foundation of China

New Century Excellent Talents in University

Sun Yat-Sen University Clinical

Guangdong Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China

Research Award Program for Outstanding Young Teachers in Higher Education Institutions



Distant metastasis is the most common cause of treatment failure and mortality in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients. Thus, it is important to understand the mechanism of NPC metastasis and identify reliable prognostic factors. In this study, we investigated the prognostic value of unconjugated bilirubin (UCB), which was previously considered a byproduct of heme catabolism, in NPC patients and examined the effects of UCB on NPC metastasis. The receiver operating characteristic analysis–generated UCB cutoff point for DMFS was 9.7 μmol/L. We found that higher UCB levels were significantly associated with favorable distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS, 93.3% vs. 84.2%, P < 0.001) in NPC patients and was an independent predictor for DMFS (HR, 0.416; 95% confidence interval, 0.280–0.618; P < 0.001). We next found that UCB treatment impaired the invasion capability of NPC cells and potently inhibited lung metastasis of NPC cells in nude mice. Further investigation showed that UCB inhibited reactive oxygen species production, which is involved in the repression of ERK1/2 activation and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) expression. Moreover, lower levels of ERK1/2 phosphorylation and MMP-2 expression were observed in the NPC lung metastases of nude mice administered UCB. Taken together, our results indicate that UCB is a significantly favorable factor for DMFS in NPC patients and may play an important role in NPC chemoprevention. Cancer Prev Res; 9(2); 180–8. ©2015 AACR.

Usage metrics

    Cancer Prevention Research



    Ref. manager