American Association for Cancer Research
21598290cd180469-sup-200930_2_supp_5028509_pwzzsw.pptx (2.82 MB)

Supplementary Figures S1-S15 from Aurora A Kinase Inhibition Is Synthetic Lethal with Loss of the RB1 Tumor Suppressor Gene

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posted on 2023-04-03, 21:45 authored by Xueqian Gong, Jian Du, Stephen H. Parsons, Farhana F. Merzoug, Yue Webster, Philip W. Iversen, Li-Chun Chio, Robert D. Van Horn, Xi Lin, Wayne Blosser, Bomie Han, Shaoling Jin, Sufang Yao, Huimin Bian, Chris Ficklin, Li Fan, Avnish Kapoor, Stephen Antonysamy, Ann M. Mc Nulty, Karen Froning, Danalyn Manglicmot, Anna Pustilnik, Kenneth Weichert, Stephen R. Wasserman, Michele Dowless, Carlos Marugán, Carmen Baquero, María José Lallena, Scott W. Eastman, Yu-Hua Hui, Matthew Z. Dieter, Thompson Doman, Shaoyou Chu, Hui-Rong Qian, Xiang S. Ye, David A. Barda, Gregory D. Plowman, Christoph Reinhard, Robert M. Campbell, James R. Henry, Sean G. Buchanan

Supplementary figures


DOE Office of Science by Argonne National Laboratory



Loss-of-function mutations in the retinoblastoma gene RB1 are common in several treatment-refractory cancers such as small-cell lung cancer and triple-negative breast cancer. To identify drugs synthetic lethal with RB1 mutation (RB1mut), we tested 36 cell-cycle inhibitors using a cancer cell panel profiling approach optimized to discern cytotoxic from cytostatic effects. Inhibitors of the Aurora kinases AURKA and AURKB showed the strongest RB1 association in this assay. LY3295668, an AURKA inhibitor with over 1,000-fold selectivity versus AURKB, is distinguished by minimal toxicity to bone marrow cells at concentrations active against RB1mut cancer cells and leads to durable regression of RB1mut tumor xenografts at exposures that are well tolerated in rodents. Genetic suppression screens identified enforcers of the spindle-assembly checkpoint (SAC) as essential for LY3295668 cytotoxicity in RB1-deficient cancers and suggest a model in which a primed SAC creates a unique dependency on AURKA for mitotic exit and survival. The identification of a synthetic lethal interaction between RB1 and AURKA inhibition, and the discovery of a drug that can be dosed continuously to achieve uninterrupted inhibition of AURKA kinase activity without myelosuppression, suggest a new approach for the treatment of RB1-deficient malignancies, including patients progressing on CDK4/6 inhibitors.See related commentary by Dick and Li, p. 169.This article is highlighted in the In This Issue feature, p. 151