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Supplementary Figure from Phosphoinositide-Binding Protein TIPE1 Promotes Alternative Activation of Macrophages and Tumor Progression via PIP3/Akt/TGFβ Axis

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posted on 2023-03-31, 04:40 authored by Yang Cheng, Fuxiang Bai, Xiaolei Ren, Renhui Sun, Xiaowei Guo, Wen Liu, Bo Wang, Yongheng Yang, Xiaolu Zhang, Yong Xu, Chunyang Li, Xiaoyun Yang, Lifen Gao, Chunhong Ma, Xueen Li, Xiaohong Liang
Supplementary Figure from Phosphoinositide-Binding Protein TIPE1 Promotes Alternative Activation of Macrophages and Tumor Progression via PIP3/Akt/TGFβ Axis

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National Science Foundation of China

National Key Research and Development Program

Key Research & Development Plan of Shandong Province

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Macrophages perform key and distinct functions in maintaining tissue homeostasis by finely tuning their activation state. Within the tumor microenvironment, macrophages are reshaped to drive tumor progression. Here we report that tumor necrosis factor α-induced protein 8–like 1 (TIPE1) is highly expressed in macrophages and that depletion of TIPE1 impedes alternative activation of macrophages. TIPE1 enhanced activation of the PI3K/Akt pathway in macrophages by directly binding with and regulating the metabolism of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) and phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PIP3). Accordingly, inhibition of the PI3K/Akt pathway significantly attenuated the effect of TIPE1 on macrophage alternative activation. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) in human liver cancer and melanoma tissues showed significantly upregulated TIPE1 expression that negatively correlated with patient survival. In vitro and in vivo, TIPE1 knockdown in macrophages retarded the growth and metastasis of liver cancer and melanoma. Furthermore, blockade or depletion of TGFβ signaling in macrophages abrogated the effects of TIPE1 on tumor cell growth and migration. Together, these results highlight that the phosphoinositide-related signaling pathway is involved in reprogramming TAMs to optimize the microenvironment for cancer progression. This work provides insight into the fine tuning of macrophage polarization and identifies a potential target for macrophage-based antitumor therapy.

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